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Any of various perennial herbs in the family Araceae, having tiny flowers crowded in a spadix that is subtended by a spathe and including houseplants such as anthurium, dieffenbachia, and philodendron.
(Botany) Also: araceous of, relating to, or belonging to the Araceae, a family of plants having small flowers massed on a spadix surrounded by a large petaloid spathe. The family includes arum, calla, and anthurium
(Botany) any plant of the Araceae
[C19: from New Latin Arum type genus + -oid; see arum]
ar•oid(ˈær ɔɪd, ˈɛər-)
1. belonging to the arum family.n.
2. any plant of the arum family.
[1875–80; < New Latin Arabic(um) + -oid]
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|Noun||1.||aroid - any plant of the family Araceae; have small flowers massed on a spadix surrounded by a large spathe|
Arum maculatum, cuckoopint, lords-and-ladies, jack-in-the-pulpit - common European arum with lanceolate spathe and short purple spadix; emerges in early spring; source of a starch called arum
Arum palaestinum, black calla - ornamental plant of Middle East cultivated for its dark purple spathe
alocasia, elephant ear, elephant's ear - any plant of the genus Alocasia having large showy basal leaves and boat-shaped spathe and reddish berries
amorphophallus - any plant of the genus Amorphophallus
Amorphophallus campanulatus, Amorphophallus paeonifolius, elephant yam, pungapung, telingo potato - putrid-smelling aroid of southeastern Asia (especially the Philippines) grown for its edible tuber
Amorphophallus rivieri, devil's tongue, snake palm, umbrella arum - foul-smelling somewhat fleshy tropical plant of southeastern Asia cultivated for its edible corms or in the greenhouse for its large leaves and showy dark red spathe surrounding a large spadix
Amorphophallus titanum, krubi, titan arum - malodorous tropical plant having a spathe that resembles the corolla of a morning glory and attains a diameter of several feet
Arisaema atrorubens, Arisaema triphyllum, Indian turnip, jack-in-the-pulpit, wake-robin - common American spring-flowering woodland herb having sheathing leaves and an upright club-shaped spadix with overarching green and purple spathe producing scarlet berries
Arisaema dracontium, green dragon - early spring-flowering plant of eastern North America resembling the related jack-in-the-pulpit but having digitate leaves, slender greenish yellow spathe and elongated spadix
Arisarum vulgare, friar's-cowl - tuberous perennial having a cowl-shaped maroon or violet-black spathe; Mediterranean; Canaries; Azores
caladium - any plant of the genus Caladium cultivated for their ornamental foliage variously patterned in white or pink or red
Colocasia esculenta, dalo, taro plant, dasheen, taro - herb of the Pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves
Dieffenbachia sequine, dumb cane, mother-in-law plant, mother-in-law's tongue - an evergreen plant with large showy dark green leaves; contains a poison that swells the tongue and throat hence the name
dracontium - any plant of the genus Dracontium; strongly malodorous tropical American plants usually with gigantic leaves
nephthytis - any plant of the genus Nephthytis
malanga, spoonflower, tannia, Xanthosoma atrovirens, Xanthosoma sagittifolium, yautia - tropical American aroid having edible tubers that are cooked and eaten like yams or potatoes
|Adj.||1.||aroid - relating to a plant of the family Araceae|