artel

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artel

(ɑːˈtɛl)
n
1. (Historical Terms) (in the former Soviet Union) a cooperative union or organization, esp of producers, such as peasants
2. (Historical Terms) (in prerevolutionary Russia) a quasi-cooperative association of people engaged in the same activity
[from Russian artel', from Italian artieri artisans, from arte work, from Latin ars art1]

ar•tel

(ɑrˈtɛl)

n.
(in Russia or the Soviet Union) an association of workers or peasants for cooperative effort.
[1880–85; < Russian artél']
References in classic literature ?
In some of the larger towns there are artels of a much more complex kind-- permanent associations, possessing large capital, and pecuniarily responsible for the acts of the individual members.
82) Another peasant institution also helped the new migrants: artels, or working cooperatives headed by an elder.