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Related to artichoke: artichoke plant
a. A Mediterranean thistlelike plant (Cynara scolymus) in the composite family, having pinnately divided leaves and large discoid heads of bluish flowers.
b. The edible, immature flower head of this plant. Also called globe artichoke.
2. The Jerusalem artichoke.
[Northern Italian dialectal articiocco, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-ḫaršuf : al-, the + ḫuršūf, ḫaršūf, artichoke (perhaps from Middle Persian *xār-čōb, literally, thorn-stick : xār, thorn; akin to Sanskrit khara-, rough, sharp + čōb, stick).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Plants) Also called: globe artichoke a thistle-like Eurasian plant, Cynara scolymus, cultivated for its large edible flower head containing many fleshy scalelike bracts: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. (Plants) the unopened flower head of this plant, which can be cooked and eaten
3. (Plants) See Jerusalem artichoke
[C16: from Italian articiocco, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-kharshūf]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
1. Also called globe artichoke.
a. a tall thistlelike composite plant, Cynara scolymus, native to the Mediterranean region, of which the numerous scalelike bracts and receptacle of the immature flower head are eaten as a vegetable.
b. the large, rounded, closed flower head itself.
[1525–35; < Upper Italian articiocco < Old Spanish alcarchofa < dial. Arabic al-kharshūf]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Noun||1.||artichoke - Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head|
vegetable - any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
|2.||artichoke - a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart|
veg, vegetable, veggie - edible seeds or roots or stems or leaves or bulbs or tubers or nonsweet fruits of any of numerous herbaceous plant
artichoke heart - the tender fleshy center of the immature artichoke flower
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
artichoke[ˈɑːrtɪtʃəʊk] n → artichaut m Jerusalem artichoke
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
artichoke→ خُرْشُوف artyčok artiskok Artischocke αγκινάρα alcachofa artisokka artichaut artičoka carciofo アーティチョーク 아티초크 artisjok artisjokk karczoch alcachofra артишок kronärtskocka อาร์ติโช๊ค enginar atisô 朝鲜蓟
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009