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A Mediterranean plant (Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa) of the mustard family, having flowers with purple-veined, yellowish-white petals and pungent, edible leaves. Also called rocket2, roquette.
[From Italian dialectal (Basilicata) arucola or a kindred Italian dialectal source, ultimately from Latin ērūca, bitter cruciferous herb, arugula, perhaps from ērūca, ū;rūca, caterpillar (arugula perhaps being so called from its hairy stems resembling caterpillars, or from the fact that cruciferous vegetables are often infested with caterpillars ), perhaps from ēr, hedgehog (with reference to the hairs and spines of some caterpillars).]
(Plants) another name for rocket22
[C20: from N Italian dialect]
a•ru•gu•la(əˈru gə lə)
a Mediterranean plant, Eruca vesicaria sativa, of the mustard family, having pungent leaves used esp. in salads. Also called rocket .
[1965–70; appar. < an Upper Italian form akin to Lombard arigola, Venetian rucola < Latin ērūca arugula]
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|Noun||1.||arugula - erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender|