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 (ăr′əl, âr′-)
A compound containing benzene or another aromatic hydrocarbon, or a univalent group derived from such a compound by removal of a hydrogen atom attached to the aromatic ring.

American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Elements & Compounds) (modifier) chem of, consisting of, or containing an aromatic group: aryl group or radical.
2. (Elements & Compounds) an organometallic compound in which a metal atom is bound to an aryl group
[C20: from ar(omatic) + -yl]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈær ɪl)

an organic group derived from an aromatic compound by removing a hydrogen atom, as phenyl from benzene.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, the synthesis and investigation of novel poly(aryl ether ketone)s would be very useful for a more rigorous structure-property correlation of this very interesting class of polymers.
Among the topics are the copper-catalyzed formation of carbon-phosphorous bonds with aryl halides, insights into the mechanism of modern Ullmann-Goldberg coupling reactions, copper-catalyzed alkynylation and alkenylation reactions of alkynyl derivatives, applying copper-mediated carbon-nitrogen bond formation in complex molecule synthesis, and reusable catalysts for copper-mediated cross-coupling reactions under heterogeneous conditions.
The palladium-catalyzed Suzuki coupling reaction between aryl halides and organoboronic acid is an excellent method for the synthesis of various biaryl compounds, which constitute a wide range of fine chemicals, pharmaceuticals, and advanced materials [6-10].
Wheatish light brown crystals, Yield (2.2 g, 85%), m.p 200-204[degrees]C, IR (KBr, [v.sub.max] in [cm.sup.-1]): 3435 (-NH), 2922 (=C-H), 1683 (C=N), 1620 (C=C), [sup.1]H NMR (DMSO-[d.sub.6], 400 MHz) [delta] ppm: 2.5 (s, 2H, -C[H.sub.2]), 72-74 (d, 1H, -C=CH, [J.sub.H-H] = 16.4 Hz), 75-73 (m, 4 aryl, 3 phenyl protons), 7.8-8.0 (d, 1H, -CH=C, [J.sub.H-H] = 16.4 Hz), 10.0 (s, 1H, -NH of benzimidazole), [sup.13]C NMR (DMSO-[d.sub.6], 100 MHz) [delta] ppm: 102.29, 108.54, 109, 122, 124, 128, 130, 132, 134, 138, 148, 152 (1 dioxymethylene carbon, 6 aryl carbons, 6 phenylic carbons, 2 vinylic carbons and 1 imidazole quaternary carbon), MS (m/z): 265.10 ([M.sup.+*]), Anal.
In the latter case the N-aryl moiety reacted and gave isopropyl 3-hydroxycarbanilate by photosubstitution of aryl chlorine with a hydroxyl group [12, 14].
The ROC fraction was measured as the amount of poly-aryl carbon existing in addition to any aryl C that could be defined as lignin.
In their new approach, the team added compounds that modulate the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) pathway.
The Sonogashira cross-coupling reaction takes place between aryl halide (ArX) and terminal acetylene, catalysed by a zerovalent palladium catalyst to produce diyne (see Fig.
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a widespread environmental pollutant that induces hepatotoxicity through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), although the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.
At its core, a Buchwald-Hartwig amination is an aryl halide reacting with an amine [see above example].
The crude was then purified by chromatographic column using n-hexane/AcOEt 2:1 as eluent (yield: 85%); [sup.1]H-NMR (400 MHz, CD[Cl.sub.3]) [delta] 1.34 (s, 9H, Boc); 4.00-4.06(m, 5H, H-1, H-2, and H-3); 4.89 (bs, NHBoc); 7.31 (d, J = 8 Hz, 4H, aryl); 7.71 (d, 4H, aryl).
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated member of the basic-helix-loop-helix family of transcription factors that acts as a sensor for a wide variety of environmental air pollutants, including polycyclic aryl hydrocarbons (PAHs) [1-3].