62; Kohn, 1944): Ethnic nationalism uses ascriptive
characteristics, whereas civic nationalism uses legal criteria (Breton, 1988; Greenfeld, 1992).
Someone may possess the ascriptive
characteristics of the oppressor group yet renounce all activities that support or sustain that oppression.
But the ascriptive
dimension of the statement is that people should be treated as equal not because they are equal in a descriptive sense, but despite the fact that they are not.
On the advent of statehood, Pakistan inherited an ascriptive
elite that commandeered social influence due to its often simultaneous control of land, spirituality and tribal allegiance.
Kwame Tua was from Asante, now in the republic of Ghana, and held the ascriptive
status of a royal servant (ahenkwaa) who might have expected a specialist career as a royal hornblower.
Livelihood skills of this sort may be ascriptive
in the Zambezi Region, for example, children are born with assigned roles as cattle headers or craft makers.
There was little tension between ascriptive
Fair enough, but Jackson opts for a very broad "ascriptive
" model that defines religion as "those experiences we decide to import into a box we have predesignated in this way or that scholarly consensus has agreed to label 'religious'." So "religion" could mean almost anything; and Jackson never suggests what implications his thought might have for such well-trodden territory as Christian or Jewish creed, code, and cult.
(37) That helplessness stems from the belief that mobility is fundamentally determined by forces beyond their merit or control like tribal connections, royal favor, inherited wealth, and other ascriptive
* Authentic leaders venture into an inward journey to digest their experiences, learning from their ascriptive
, biographical, and societal life challenges to explore their values and beliefs.
American capitalism, for all its proliferation of choices and lifestyles, cannot emancipate us from the ascriptive
ties of family and birth; who we come from irrevocably shapes who we are.
Descriptive representation refers to the formal composition of parliament and is concerned with the presence of individuals who are ascriptive
of a particular social, economic or political group, share similar characteristics and stand for that group within a representative body.