No pathological features were detected except lymphocytic thyroiditis by anti-TgAb levels and by fine needle aspiration biopsy as evaluated by the endocrinology clinic and by gynaecological examination and pelvic ultrasonography revealing normal features.
Thus, 90% of the patients with thyroid lymphoma were diagnosed or the diagnosis suspected based on fine needle aspiration biopsy. To confirm the diagnosis of lymphoma histologically and to determine the degree of malignancy, open biopsy taking 2-3 g tissue should be done for all cases.
Looking first at general aspects of interventional ultrasound then at specific ultrasound-guided procedures, they consider such topics as pathology and cytology, fine-needle aspiration biopsy and core needle biopsy, the percutaneous sclerotherapy of cysts, interventional endosonography, specific ultrasound-guided procedures for the thorax, and palliative interventions and the role of ultrasonography palliative care.
Lau et al12 studied fine needle aspiration biopsies of 42 histologically confirmed tuberculous cervical lesions out of which an aspiration biopsy diagnosis of granulomatous or tuberculous cervical lymphadenopathy was made in 71%.
After a chapter on general considerations, six chapters cover clinical evaluation and treatment in general terms, radiologic evaluation, genetic pathology, fine needle aspiration biopsy, diagnostic approach, and immunohistochemistry for soft tissue tumors.