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left: inflamed bronchial tube with contracted muscles and mucus discharge
right: normal bronchial tube


 (ăz′mə, ăs′-)
A chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs characterized by a narrowing of the airways and attacks of wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath that are induced by triggers such as allergens, exercise, infections, and stress.

[Middle English asma, from Medieval Latin, from Greek asthma.]

asth·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj. & n.
asth·mat′i·cal·ly adv.


(Pathology) of, relating to, or having asthma. Also: asthmatical
(Pathology) a person who has asthma
asthˈmatically adv
Usage: Rather than talking about an asthmatic or asthmatics, it is better to talk about a person with asthma, people with asthma


(æzˈmæt ɪk, æs-)

adj. Also, asth•mat′i•cal.
1. suffering from asthma.
2. pertaining to asthma.
3. a person suffering from asthma.
[1535–45; < Latin < Greek]
asth•mat′i•cal•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.asthmatic - a person suffering from asthma; "she is a chronic asthmatic"; "the painful gasps of a dying asthmatic"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
Adj.1.asthmatic - relating to breathing with a whistling soundasthmatic - relating to breathing with a whistling sound
unhealthy - not in or exhibiting good health in body or mind; "unhealthy ulcers"
مُصاب بِالرَّبْو


A. ADJasmático
B. Nasmático/a m/f


adj [person] → asthmatique
nasthmatique mf


nAsthmatiker(in) m(f)


[æsˈmætɪk] adj & nasmatico/a


(ˈӕsmə) , ((American) ˈӕzmə) noun
an illness which causes difficulty in breathing out, resulting from an allergy etc.
asthmatic (ӕsˈmatik) , ((American) ӕz-) adjective


a. asmático-a, rel. al asma.


adj & n asmático -ca mf
References in classic literature ?
The asthmatic had bitten off either end of the stramonium cigarette, and was soon choking himself with the crude fumes, which he inhaled in desperate gulps, to exhale in furious fits of coughing.
Then the room grew perfectly black, and not a sound was audible but Zeena's asthmatic breathing.
Our music consisted of the well-mixed strains of a melodeon which was a little asthmatic and apt to catch its breath where it ought to come out strong, a clarinet which was a little unreliable on the high keys and rather melancholy on the low ones, and a disreputable accordion that had a leak somewhere and breathed louder than it squawked--a more elegant term does not occur to me just now.
A screeching of asthmatic springs greeted the weight of his body, but he did not notice them.
It had a turn for quacking and squeaking,--that chair had,--either from having taken cold in early life, or from some asthmatic affection, or perhaps from nervous derangement; but, as she gently swung backward and forward, the chair kept up a kind of subdued "creechy crawchy," that would have been intolerable in any other chair.
There was a small piano in this room, a clattery, wheezy, asthmatic thing, certainly the very worst miscarriage in the way of a piano that the world has seen.
The only sound that interrupted the silence of the place was the asthmatic breathing of the old men I have mentioned, who reposed at a little distance from us.
He sprang to his feet, waving his fists and wheezing like an asthmatic.
How the young man from Cambridge sulkily put his five great-coats in front; but was reconciled when little Miss Sharp was made to quit the carriage, and mount up beside him--when he covered her up in one of his Benjamins, and became perfectly good-humoured--how the asthmatic gentleman, the prim lady, who declared upon her sacred honour she had never travelled in a public carriage before (there is always such a lady in a coach--Alas!
'I dare say he'll last a long time yet, Blossom,' said my aunt, patting Dora on the cheek, as she leaned out of her couch to look at Jip, who responded by standing on his hind legs, and baulking himself in various asthmatic attempts to scramble up by the head and shoulders.
She was a confirmed invalid and an asthmatic. Oxygen had been prescribed for her malady, and a tube was in her room at the moment of the crisis.
His back was bowed, his knees were shaky, and his breathing was painfully asthmatic. As he leaned upon a thick oaken cudgel his shoulders heaved in the effort to draw the air into his lungs.