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n. pl. at·a·mans
A Cossack chief. Also called hetman.

[Russian, from South Turkic, leader of an armed band : ata, father + -man, augmentative suff.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -mans
1. (Historical Terms) an elected leader of the Cossacks; hetman
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) an elected leader of the Cossacks; hetman
[from Russian, from Polish hetman, from German Hauptmann (literally: head man)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈæt ə mən)

n., pl. -mans.
the elected chief of a Cossack village or military force.
[1825–35; < Russian]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A truly comprehensive history of the Don Cossack condition would also devote greater attention to the Host's relationship to the cossacks enrolled in the tsar's service as patrol cossacks, distant-service cossacks, and service land atamans (storozhevye kazaki, palkovye kazaki, pomestnye atamany) performing defense duty on Muscovy's southern frontier.
Most of the negotiation worked because Peter I had no grand design to destroy the autonomy of the Don Host--he only wanted to establish stable boundaries for the Host and tame it by encasing it in Russian-controlled territory (168)--and because Host atamans like Frol Minaev were astute politicians who knew how to reaffirm their loyalty to Russia while controlling restless Cossack factions in the Host core.
Not all Tatars living among the Don Cossacks converted to Orthodoxy; Kuts finds several references to a mullah Chepai-abyz, who served the ataman as a diplomatic intermediary with the Nogais.
Kolchak's regime did not govern well, if at all, as Cossack Atamans reigned supreme in their fiefdoms.