atheroma

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ath·er·o·ma

 (ăth′ə-rō′mə)
n. pl. ath·er·o·mas or ath·er·o·ma·ta (-mə-tə)
A lipid-containing lesion that forms on the innermost layer of the wall of an artery in atherosclerosis; a plaque.

[Latin athērōma, tumor full of pus that is like gruel, from Greek, from athēra, gruel, variant of atharē, gruel, perhaps of Egyptian origin, or perhaps from an Indo-European adstrate source akin to Hittite ḫattar, a kind of grain or pulse, and Latin ador, emmer.]

ath′er·o·ma·to′sis (-tō′sĭs) n.
ath′er·om′a·tous (-rŏm′ə-təs, -rō′mə-) adj.

atheroma

(ˌæθəˈrəʊmə)
n, pl -mas or -mata (-mətə)
(Pathology) pathol a fatty deposit on or within the inner lining of an artery, often causing an obstruction to the blood flow
[C18: via Latin from Greek athērōma tumour full of matter resembling gruel, from athēra gruel]
atheromatous adj

ath•er•o•ma

(ˌæθ əˈroʊ mə)

n., pl. -mas, -ma•ta (-mə tə)
1. a sebaceous cyst.
2. an abnormal deposition of plaque and fibrous matter on the inner wall of an artery.
[1700–10; < New Latin, Latin: a tumor filled with gruellike matter < Greek athḗrōma=athḗr(ē) gruel + -ōma -oma]
ath`er•om′a•tous (-ˈrɒm ə təs, -ˈroʊ mə-) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.atheroma - a fatty deposit in the intima (inner lining) of an artery; can obstruct blood flow
adipose tissue, fatty tissue, fat - a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs; "fatty tissue protected them from the severe cold"
Translations

ath·er·o·ma

n. ateroma, depósito graso o lípido en la capa íntima de una arteria que causa endurecimiento de la misma.

atheroma

n ateroma m
References in periodicals archive ?
Pickering, "Cloning of a novel prolyl 4-hydroxylase subunit expressed in the fibrous cap of human atherosclerotic plaque," Circulation, vol.
Finally, 55 patients were cases (CABG or coronary group) who underwent coronary and aortic arch atherectomy and 55 patients (control or carotid group) who underwent cardiac surgery and had visible atherosclerotic plaque in carotid and aortic arch (see Figure 1) were included in our study.
A study found that modification of atherosclerotic plaque with US-based Cardiovascular Systems, Inc's Diamondback 360 orbital atherectomy device improved drug uptake in calcified peripheral lesions from human cadavers, US-based not-for-profit preclinical research institute CBSET said on Wednesday.
The present study aimed to investigate the role of monocyte chemokines in atherosclerotic plaque and the underlying molecular mechanism by comparing the expression of MCP-1, RANTES, and fractalkine in a stable angina pectoris (SAP) group with an unstable angina pectoris (UAP) group.
It was a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled dose-ranging study to evaluate the efficacy of CER-001 at three doses to regress coronary atherosclerotic plaque as measured by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).
Various imaging modalities are used not only to demonstrate normal anatomy of vasa vasorum, but also characterize the composition, burden and neovascularization of atherosclerotic plaque associated with vasa vasorum injury.
Their density increases with growth of atherosclerotic plaque in asymptomatic patients and is correlated with plaque vulnerability and haemorrhage [11, 23, 24].
Newby, "Dual role of matrix metalloproteinases (matrixins) in intimal thickening and atherosclerotic plaque rupture," Physiological Reviews, vol.
During the formation of an atherosclerotic plaque, some VSMCs undergo a phenotypic change from a contractile to a secreting phenotype.
(26) performed an interesting study using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in patients and proved that the occurrence of a microcalcification in the atherosclerotic plaque fibrous cap considerably increased the risk of the rupture of a vulnerable plaque.
The body produces CRP in response to interleukin (IL)-6, a cytokine produced by leukocytes and smooth muscle cells in atherosclerotic plaques; but atherosclerotic plaque is not the only source of IL-6.
The explanation for atherosclerotic plaque destabilization in this setting includes temporarily upregulation of plaque inflammation with promotion of thrombus formation on the plaque surface by activation of the coagulation or complement system [37, 38].

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