In 2011, the Argonne National Laboratory near Chicago developed the Atom Trap
Trace Analysis (ATTA), which "is so sensitive that it can capture and count individual atoms," according to Oregon State University's Christo Buizert, lead author of the new article.
A principal component of ALPHA's atom trap
is a superconducting octupole magnet proposed and prototyped in Berkeley Lab's AFRD.
Topics for students and researchers include mathematical formulas of atom trap
quantum gates, Poisson algebras and Yang-Baxter equations and topological order and entanglement.
The sensitivity of the spray chamber and Ti burner system can be further enhanced using the optional Slotted Tube Atom Trap
. The GFS97 changeover furnace and autosampler module has a range of solution preparation facilities to increase the ease of use and maintain high sample throughput.
I don't need to capture rubidium atoms in atom traps
The work is an important proof-of-principle, for it shows superposition can be achieved in silicon - the commonest electronic material - rather than in hugely expensive compounds or using sophisticated instruments called atom traps
Crucially our work shows that some of the quantum engineering already demonstrated by atomic physicists in very sophisticated instruments called cold atom traps
, can be implemented in the type of silicon chip used in making the much more common transistor," said Murdin.