atomist


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at·om·ism

 (ăt′ə-mĭz′əm)
n. Philosophy
1. The ancient theory of Democritus, Epicurus, and Lucretius, according to which simple, minute, indivisible, and indestructible particles are the basic components of the entire universe.
2. A theory according to which social institutions, values, and processes arise solely from the acts and interests of individuals, who thus constitute the only true subject of analysis.

at′om·ist n.
References in periodicals archive ?
In other words, holism holds that propositions like "the purple pill might cure Carla" can be a reason to take the pill in one context (in which the subjective chance that the pill will kill her painfully is low) but not be a subjective reason to perform the same action in another context (in which the subjective chance that the pill will kill her painfully is high); the atomist denies that this is possible.
Locke's latent atomist aligns him not only with Boyle, but with another friend and a profoundly influential atomist: Newton, who in Query 31 of the Opticks writes, "God in the beginning form'd matter in solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, moveable particles.
At one point Palmer asserts that "understanding Lucretius's atomist system was certainly possible in 1417," but she does not satisfactorily substantiate this rather important claim.
Girolamo Fracastoro (1478-1553), also an atomist, was the first Latin poet to treat Columbus in Book 3 of his Syphilis, sive Morbi Gallici (1530), while Jacopo Sannazaro's Virgilian epic on the Virgin birth, De partu Virginis (1526) had long been emulated by subsequent Latin poets.
This means that individuals are these ends, which contradicts the depiction of the self by liberals as being free, unencumbered and atomist.
Clitophon's use of atomist theories of vision to explain the way he fell in love, then, is a bad idea, for it reveals his folly in making too much out of the images that he receives, and not subjecting them to critical scrutiny.
The simple number schemes he favored for this purpose are more ancient than the atomist theory of Lucretius, and more obvious.
8) The Stoics had some common points with the Epicureans and atomists, and the atomist Democritus said that everything, even our mind or soul, is made up of indivisible atoms.
In this respect, Hale stands apart from English Latitudinarians who had a reputation for embracing Cartesian and atomist philosophy over against the received Aristotelianism of the schools.
The pitfalls of these accounts include "aestheticism and atomist self-indulgence," (5) as Charles Taylor (1991) most powerfully argued.
Ancient atomist philosophers such as Epicurus (see Acts 17:18), Lucretius (whose poem Stenger devotes considerable attention to), Leucippus, and Democritus are discussed with respect to both their science and their religious worldviews.
Having set the stage, Lifschitz addresses the 1759 contest and its victor John David Michaelis, whose naturalistic interpretation of language stemmed from an acceptance of the ancient atomist Epicurus's view that language, like civilization, emerged over time in a gradual process, through which animal-like utterances eventually became recognizable words through a conscious process of modification.