attenuate

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at·ten·u·ate

 (ə-tĕn′yo͞o-āt′)
v. at·ten·u·at·ed, at·ten·u·at·ing, at·ten·u·ates
v.tr.
1. To make slender, fine, or small: The drought attenuated the river to a narrow channel.
2. To reduce in force, value, amount, or degree; weaken: Medicine attenuated the fever's effect.
3. To lessen the density of; rarefy.
4. Biology To make (bacteria or viruses) less virulent.
5. Electronics To reduce (the amplitude of an electrical signal) with little or no distortion.
v.intr.
To become thin, weak, or fine.
adj. (-yo͞o-ĭt)
1. Reduced or weakened, as in strength, value, or virulence.
2. Botany Gradually tapering to a slender point.

[Latin attenuāre, attenuāt- : ad-, ad- + tenuāre, to make thin (from tenuis, thin; see ten- in Indo-European roots).]

at·ten′u·a′tion n.

attenuate

vb
1. to weaken or become weak; reduce in size, strength, density, or value
2. to make or become thin or fine; extend
3. (Microbiology) (tr) to make (a pathogenic bacterium, virus, etc) less virulent, as by culture in special media or exposure to heat
adj
4. diluted, weakened, slender, or reduced
5. (Botany) botany tapering gradually to a point
[C16: from Latin attenuāre to weaken, from tenuis thin]

at•ten•u•ate

(v. əˈtɛn yuˌeɪt; adj. -ɪt, -ˌeɪt)

v. -at•ed, -at•ing,
adj. v.t.
1. to weaken or reduce in force, intensity, effect, quantity, or value: to attenuate desire.
2. to make thin; make slender or fine.
3. to render less virulent, as a strain of pathogenic virus or bacterium.
4. to reduce the amplitude of (an electronic signal) without distortion.
v.i.
5. to become thin or fine; lessen.
adj.
6. weakened; diminishing.
7. Bot. tapering gradually to a narrow extremity.
[1520–30; < Latin attenuātus, past participle of attenuāre to thin, reduce. See at-, tenuis, -ate1]

attenuate


Past participle: attenuated
Gerund: attenuating

Imperative
attenuate
attenuate
Present
I attenuate
you attenuate
he/she/it attenuates
we attenuate
you attenuate
they attenuate
Preterite
I attenuated
you attenuated
he/she/it attenuated
we attenuated
you attenuated
they attenuated
Present Continuous
I am attenuating
you are attenuating
he/she/it is attenuating
we are attenuating
you are attenuating
they are attenuating
Present Perfect
I have attenuated
you have attenuated
he/she/it has attenuated
we have attenuated
you have attenuated
they have attenuated
Past Continuous
I was attenuating
you were attenuating
he/she/it was attenuating
we were attenuating
you were attenuating
they were attenuating
Past Perfect
I had attenuated
you had attenuated
he/she/it had attenuated
we had attenuated
you had attenuated
they had attenuated
Future
I will attenuate
you will attenuate
he/she/it will attenuate
we will attenuate
you will attenuate
they will attenuate
Future Perfect
I will have attenuated
you will have attenuated
he/she/it will have attenuated
we will have attenuated
you will have attenuated
they will have attenuated
Future Continuous
I will be attenuating
you will be attenuating
he/she/it will be attenuating
we will be attenuating
you will be attenuating
they will be attenuating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been attenuating
you have been attenuating
he/she/it has been attenuating
we have been attenuating
you have been attenuating
they have been attenuating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been attenuating
you will have been attenuating
he/she/it will have been attenuating
we will have been attenuating
you will have been attenuating
they will have been attenuating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been attenuating
you had been attenuating
he/she/it had been attenuating
we had been attenuating
you had been attenuating
they had been attenuating
Conditional
I would attenuate
you would attenuate
he/she/it would attenuate
we would attenuate
you would attenuate
they would attenuate
Past Conditional
I would have attenuated
you would have attenuated
he/she/it would have attenuated
we would have attenuated
you would have attenuated
they would have attenuated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.attenuate - weaken the consistency of (a chemical substance)
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
weaken - lessen the strength of; "The fever weakened his body"
2.attenuate - become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude
weaken - become weaker; "The prisoner's resistance weakened after seven days"
refine - attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying; "many valuable nutrients are refined out of the foods in our modern diet"
Adj.1.attenuate - reduced in strength; "the faded tones of an old recording"
decreased, reduced - made less in size or amount or degree

attenuate

verb weaken, reduce, contract, lower, diminish, decrease, dilute, lessen, sap, water down, adulterate, enfeeble, enervate, devaluate Preparation and training can attenuate risk.

attenuate

verb
1. To lessen or deplete the nerve, energy, or strength of:
2. To lessen the strength of by or as if by admixture:
cut, dilute, thin, water (down), weaken.
3. To become diffuse:
Translations

attenuate

[əˈtenjʊeɪt] VTatenuar

attenuate

[əˈtɛnjueɪt]
vtatténuer
vis'atténuer

attenuate

vt (= weaken)abschwächen; statement alsoabmildern; gasverdünnen; (= make thinner)dünn machen; attenuating circumstancesmildernde Umstände
vi (= get weaker)schwächer or abgeschwächt werden; (gas)sich verdünnen; (= get thinner)dünner werden
adj (Bot) attenuate leaflanzettförmiges Blatt

attenuate

[əˈtɛnjʊeɪt] (frm)
1. vtridurre, attenuare
2. viattenuarsi
References in periodicals archive ?
La preghiera, il digiuno e, soprattutto, Pelemosina o Pesercizio della misericordia e delia pieta contribuiscono ad attenuare o stemperare la durezza delle punizioni.
E questo spiega che non sempre i conti tornino, e si capisce perche la riscrittura di certi eventi o dati fatta anni piu tardi imponga ritocchi per attenuare affermazioni, per cercare di omologarle, per giustificare prese di posizioni del passato ma non piu attuali (e il caso con Cola di Rienzo).
Cio nella piu assoluta consapevolezza che solo un'efficiente diffusione di questa forma organizzativa--rifacentesi al modello della 'Gemeinschaft' tonnesiana--basata sul rapporti interpersonali diretti--e, secondo gli americani, face-to-face (faccia a faccia)--avrebbe potuto attenuare se non annullare del tutto l'attuale isolamento nel quale e costretta a operare la dimensione 'societaria' (ascrivibile al corrispondente modello della 'Gesellschaft', descritto dallo stesso au tore (Tonnies, 1963).
La "tragedia scura", come e definita al penultimo verso, si chiude non senza alcune apparenti contraddizioni, motivate dalla novita stilistica e teorica dell'operazione di Cammelli, dalla difficolta di proporre un testo simile a un pubblico di corte e di attenuare possibili riferimenti troppo radicali e severi: il lessico non si mantiene sempre uniforme, ma ricorre non di rado a proverbi, frasi gnomiche, espressioni quotidiane tipiche della commedia; (43) invece, dall'impianto diegetico e ideologico emergono personaggi ora colpevoli e negativi, ora riabilitati tramite rettifiche e correzioni.
Dice Tafaro: "sembra proprio che i giuristi del Principato abbiano saputo superare il significato letterale della stipulazione, andando oltre il suo tenore attraverso il ricorso all'iqi [id quod interest], quando si tratto di attenuare laposizione debitoria; non altrettanto fecero quando quel procedimento avrebbe comportato un aggravamento della posizione debitoria": Sebastiano Tafaro.
Riconosco che il Ministero Salandra ha posto il massimo buon volere per attenuare le difficolta; ma andrebbe errato colui che ritenesse che ogni difficolta sia scomparsa od anche che la situazione attuale della Santa Sede sia quale era prima della guerra italo-austriaca, per quanto anche allora fosse lungi dall'esser normale.
Infine, il fisioterapista ha fornito, prima delle dimissioni, informazioni fondamentali per la gestione del problema a domicilio, al fine di rendere il paziente autonomo e di prevenire o attenuare un nuovo infortunio dello stesso tipo.