virus

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vi·rus

 (vī′rəs)
n. pl. vi·rus·es
1.
a. Any of various submicroscopic agents that infect living organisms, often causing disease, and that consist of a single or double strand of RNA or DNA surrounded by a protein coat. Unable to replicate without a host cell, viruses are typically not considered living organisms.
b. A disease caused by a virus.
2. A computer program or series of commands that can replicate itself and that spreads by inserting copies of itself into other files or programs which users later transfer to other computers. Viruses usually have a harmful effect, as in erasing all the data on a disk.
3. A harmful or destructive influence: the pernicious virus of racism.

[Latin vīrus, poison.]

virus

(ˈvaɪrəs)
n, pl -ruses
1. (Microbiology) any of a group of submicroscopic entities consisting of a single nucleic acid chain surrounded by a protein coat and capable of replication only within the cells of living organisms: many are pathogenic
2. (Pathology) informal a disease caused by a virus
3. any corrupting or infecting influence
4. (Computer Science) computing an unauthorized program that inserts itself into a computer system and then propagates itself to other computers via networks or disks; when activated it interferes with the operation of the computer
[C16: from Latin: slime, poisonous liquid; related to Old English wāse marsh, Greek ios poison]
ˈvirus-ˌlike adj

vi•rus

(ˈvaɪ rəs)

n., pl. -rus•es.
1. an ultramicroscopic (20 to 300 nm in diameter), metabolically inert, infectious agent that replicates only within the cells of living hosts, mainly bacteria, plants, and animals: composed of an RNA or DNA core, a protein coat, and, in more complex types, a surrounding envelope.
2. a disease caused by a virus.
3. a corrupting influence on morals or the intellect; poison.
4. a segment of self-replicating code planted illegally in a computer program, often to damage or shut down a system or network.
[1590–1600; < Latin vīrus slime, poison; akin to ooze2]
vi′rus•like`, adj.

vi·rus

(vī′rəs)
1. Any of a large group of disease-causing agents consisting of a segment of RNA or DNA within a protein shell. All viruses are parasites because they can reproduce only inside the cells of plants, animals, and bacteria. Viruses are usually not considered living organisms.
2. Computer Science A computer program that is meant to disable or damage the computer's memory or to cause another program to malfunction. Computer viruses usually copy themselves over and over.

viral adjective

virus

- A Latin word meaning "poison" or "slimy liquid," it first meant "venom of a snake."
See also related terms for poison.

virus

1. An almost lifelike, extremely small particle made of protein and nucleic acid. It needs to parasitize a living cell in order to reproduce.
2. An unauthorized program that inserts itself into a computer’s data and interferes, often destructively, with the computer’s functioning.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
microorganism, micro-organism - any organism of microscopic size
arborvirus, arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
virion - (virology) a complete viral particle; nucleic acid and capsid (and a lipid envelope in some viruses)
bacteriophage, phage - a virus that is parasitic (reproduces itself) in bacteria; "phage uses the bacterium's machinery and energy to produce more phage until the bacterium is destroyed and phage is released to invade surrounding bacteria"
plant virus - a plant pathogen that is a virus consisting of a single strand of RNA
animal virus - an animal pathogen that is a virus
slow virus - a virus that remains dormant in the body for a long time before symptoms appear; "kuru is caused by a slow virus"
tumor virus - a cell-free filtrate held to be a virus responsible for a specific neoplasm
vector - (genetics) a virus or other agent that is used to deliver DNA to a cell
virology - the branch of medical science that studies viruses and viral diseases
infectious agent, infective agent - an agent capable of producing infection
atrophic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatism - a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
inoculant, inoculum - a substance (a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is introduced into the body to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease
2.virus - a harmful or corrupting agency; "bigotry is a virus that must not be allowed to spread"; "the virus of jealousy is latent in everyone"
delegacy, representation, agency - the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
3.virus - a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computervirus - a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer; "a true virus cannot spread to another computer without human assistance"
malevolent program - a computer program designed to have undesirable or harmful effects

virus

noun
Anything that is injurious, destructive, or fatal:
Translations
virus
فيروسفَيْرُوسفيروس في الكومبيوترفيروس، جُرْثومَهفيروسي، جُرْثومي
вирус
virus
virusvirvirový
virus
viruso
viirus
ویروس
virus
वायरस
virus
vírusvírusosszámítógépes vírus
virus
veiraveira, vírusveiru-
ウイルス
바이러스
virus
virusasvirusinis
vīrussdatorvirussvīrusa-
virus
vírusvírusový
virus
virusвирус
virus
เชื้อเชื้อไวรัสไวรัส
вірус
حُمہ
virusvi-rút

virus

[ˈvaɪərəs]
A. N (viruses (pl)) (Med, Comput) → virus m inv
rabies virusvirus m inv de la rabia
the AIDS virusel virus del SIDA
a computer virusun virus informático
B. CPD virus disease Nenfermedad f vírica

virus

[ˈvaɪərəs] n
(MEDICINE)virus m
(COMPUTING)virus m

virus

n
(Med) → Virus nt or m, → Erreger m; polio virusPolioerreger m; the AIDS virusdas Aidsvirus; virus diseaseViruskrankheit f; she’s got or caught a virus (inf: = flu etc) → sie hat sich (dat)was geholt or eingefangen (inf)
(fig)Geschwür nt
(Comput) → Virus nt or m; virus-infectedvirenbefallen; virus detectionViruserkennung f

virus

[ˈvaɪərəs] nvirus m inv

virus

(ˈvaiərəs) noun
1. any of various types of germs that are a cause of disease.
2. a computer code that is inserted into a program to destroy information or cause errors.
adjective
He is suffering from a virus infection.

virus

فَيْرُوس vir virus Virus ιός virus virus virus virus virus ウイルス 바이러스 virus virus wirus vírus вирус virus เชื้อไวรัส virüs vi-rút 病毒

virus

n (pl viruses) virus m; attenuated — virus atenuado; Epstein-Barr — (EBV) virus Epstein-Barr (VEB); flu — virus gripal or de la gripe; hepatitis B — (HBV), hepatitis C — (HCV), etc. virus de la hepatitis B (VHB), virus de la hepatitis C (VHC), etc.; herpes simplex — (HSV) virus herpes simple (VHS); human immunodeficiency — (HIV) virus de (la) inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH); human T-lymphotrophic — virus linfotrópico humano de células T; influenza — virus de (la) influenza; live — virus vivo; Norwalk — virus Norwalk; respiratory syncytial — virus respiratorio sincitial; varicella-zoster — virus varicela-zóster; West Nile — virus del Nilo Occidental
References in periodicals archive ?
Zostavax, also indicated in individuals aged 50 years or older, is a live attenuated virus vaccine.
government to create a potential contender using an attenuated virus.
With the continuation of this live attenuated virus manufacturing partnership, we have broadened our ability meet demand from our customers who need a reliable contract manufacturing partner.
of other non-replicating attenuated virus strains derived from various species were assessed for using as vectors for expressing foreign genes e.
1 - split quadrivalent vaccine intramuscularly, with attenuated virus and inactivated - 673476363D IGC.
The attenuated virus does not kill healthy cells, but replicates in tumors and causes the cells to secrete granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), leading to lysis of the tumor cells.
Overall, these two modifications result in a doubly attenuated virus to decrease the chance of wild-type reversion whilst also increasing its the sensitivity to acyclovir thus ensuring a high safety margin70,71.
But after introduction of vaccines developed first by Jonas Salk and then an oral vaccine using live attenuated virus developed by Albert Sabin, the crippling disease was conquered.
Instead of a liquid containing whole killed or attenuated virus, this vaccine uses dry virus-like particles (VLPs) which simply coat the needles in the presence of a simple stabilizing agent, reducing the need for refrigeration - a potential boon for use in developing countries.
Approval of the live, attenuated virus vaccine in the younger age group was based on a multicenter, placebo-controlled study that involved more than 22,000 adults who had a history of varicella but were herpes zoster-negative.
Attenuation of the myxoma virus and use of the living attenuated virus as an immunizing agent for myxomatosis.