The gills themselves became lungs, and the hyomandibula was transformed into an auditory ossicle
: the stapes.
"Like all birds, penguins don't have an outer ear, and unlike mammals, which have three auditory ossicles
, birds only have one," says Daehne.
Between August 2011 and July 2015 (4 years), 53 patients with severe peripheral facial palsy diagnosed with Bell's palsy or Ramsay Hunt syndrome were treated by auditory ossicles
preserved facial nerve decompression surgery at the Department of Otolaryngology of Tokyo Women's Medical University.
In the middle of the 16th century, the anatomists Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) and Giovanni Filippo Ingrassia (1510-1580) discovered the auditory ossicles
in the tympanic cavity of the human petrous portion.
In all cases, no injury happened to auditory ossicles
. Conclusions: This exploratory study demonstrated the safety of the newly developed image-guided minimally invasive cochlear implantation assisted by the bi-planar device and established the operational procedures.
In his chapter on intelligent design, Geenen argues against Behe's irreducible complexity theory by providing evidence that the auditory ossicles
and the panda's thumb are not irreducibly complex (p.
The condition of the auditory ossicles
in microtia: findings in 57 middle ear operations.
In their analysis, the authors pointed out that smoking affects the middle ear by irritating the Eustachian tube and the lining of the middle ear (The middle ear also plays a key role in our hearing mechanism because it is home to the auditory ossicles
* The middle ear contains the eardrum and the auditory ossicles
, the small bones that transmit the eardrum vibrations to the inner ear.
Plastic surgeons, speech therapists, and otolaryngologists from Japan provide information on etiology and gene mutation; diagnosis, including imaging, audiometry, development of the auricle and external auditory canal and rib cartilage, bone-conduction auditory brainstem response and steady-state response, anomalies of the auditory ossicles
, otitis media and subcutaneous abscess, and deciding on the position, timing, and method of surgery; surgical procedures, with illustrations and photos; intraoperative and postoperative complications like infection, necrosis, and facial nerve palsy; outcomes; management of postoperative wounds; hair removal; long-term hearing results; and psychological changes in patients.
The international team of researchers from institutions in the US, Italy and Spain, analyzed several auditory ossicles
representing the early hominin species Paranthropus robustus and Australopithecus africanus.