autocatalysis


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

au·to·ca·tal·y·sis

 (ô′tō-kə-tăl′ĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. au·to·ca·tal·y·ses (-sēz′)
Catalysis of a chemical reaction by one of the products of the reaction.

au′to·cat′a·lyt′ic (-kăt′l-ĭt′ĭk) adj.
au′to·cat′a·lyt′i·cal·ly adv.

autocatalysis

(ˌɔːtəʊkəˈtælɪsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-ˌsiːz)
(Chemistry) the catalysis of a reaction in which the catalyst is one of the products of the reaction

au•to•ca•tal•y•sis

(ˌɔ toʊ kəˈtæl ə sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-ˌsiz)
catalysis caused by a catalytic agent formed during a chemical reaction.
[1890–95]
au`to•cat`a•lyt′ic (-ˌkæt lˈɪt ɪk) adj.

autocatalysis

The action as a catalyst by one of the products of a chemical reaction.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.autocatalysis - catalysis in which the catalyst is one of the products of the reaction
catalysis, contact action - acceleration of a chemical reaction induced the presence of material that is chemically unchanged at the end of the reaction; "of the top 50 commodity chemicals, 30 are created directly by catalysis and another 6 are made from raw materials that are catalytically produced"
References in periodicals archive ?
Asymmetric autocatalysis. Chiral symmetry breaking and the origins of homochirality of organic molecules Kenso SOAI Communicated by Kenji MORI, M.J.A.
The rate constant [k.sub.1] depends upon the kinetics of the reaction without autocatalysis due to the product formed; while rate constant [k.sub.2] depends upon the autocatalysis effects of the product formed during the reactions.
The increases could have arisen from effects due to mixing coupled with short-term autocatalysis [23].
Furthermore, PLA oligomers resulted in autocatalysis by the terminal carboxylic acid groups which resulted in the faster degradation rate of PLA [44].
He believes the essence of life is the difference between these two types of reactions, wherein autocatalysis becomes important to life.
Ants' navigational behavior is based on autocatalysis (exploitation of positive feedback).
If any disturbance occurs, this equilibrium may be undone and a variation of the mechanism known as autocatalysis via carboxylic and hydroxyl groups may occur.
System (43) corresponds to the Gray-Scott cubic autocatalysis model [13] which is related to two irreversible chemical reactions and exhibits mixed mode spatiotemporal chaos.
This attracted Makinde and Animasaun [8, 9] to focus on the case of quartic autocatalysis kind of chemical reaction in the flow of an electrically conducting nanofluid containing gyrotactic-microorganism over an upper horizontal surface of a paraboloid of revolution in the presence and absence of thermophoresis and Brownian motion.
Processing by autocatalysis is required for proteolytic activity and cell adhesion," Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
However, the autocatalysis B1 model assumes that defects formed at the reaction interface during nuclei growth further catalyze and, hence, accelerate the reaction.