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Related to autosome: hemophilia, autosomal inheritance


A chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.

au′to·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.
au′to·so′mal·ly adv.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Genetics) any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome
ˌautoˈsomal adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈɔ təˌsoʊm)

any chromosome other than a sex chromosome.
au`to•so′mal, adj.
au`to•so′mal•ly, adv.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.autosome - any chromosome that is not a sex chromosomeautosome - any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome; appear in pairs in body cells but as single chromosomes in spermatozoa
chromosome - a threadlike strand of DNA in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order; "humans have 22 chromosome pairs plus two sex chromosomes"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meniere's disease as an autosome dominant hereditary disease [in German].
Was suggested that the ancestor of these vectors presented karyotype 2n = 23 and that during the divergence and karyotype evolution of species occurred one event punctual of simploidy in the autosome of P.
This mutation is located on the UA Concentration, Serum, Quantitative Trait locus 4 (UAQTL4, OMIM: 612671, autosome dominant disease),[3] which was identified as a pathogenic variant based on the prediction of the protein function.
Perkins, "Hypoplastic external genitalia in association with X; autosome chromosome translocation," Journal of Pediatric & Adolescent Gynecology, vol.
Bernstein, "A proposed explanation for female predominance in alveolar soft part sarcoma: noninactivation of X; autosome translocation fusion gene?" Cancer, vol.
Putative paralog motifs were filtered for this application such that 1 target paralog is mapped to a chromosome of interest (chromosomes 18 or 21) and a paired paralog sequence is mapped to an alternative autosome. A proof of concept study, including both chromosome 18 and chromosome 21 fetal trisomies, was completed and compared to genome-wide NIPT results from the MaterniT21[R] PLUS assay.
Distinct dark C-bands occur in the centromeric areas of most bi-armed autosomes and in a single acrocentric autosome.
The large Y chromosome in both species likely represents centric fusion between an autosome and a morphologically cryptic Y chromosome, giving rise to a situation of multiple sex chromosomes: [X.sub.1][X.sub.1][X.sub.2][X.sub.2] in females and [X.sub.1][X.sub.2]Y in males (Uyeno and Miller, 1971; Levin and Foster, 1972).
Second, since Chromosome 12 is an autosome, everyone has two copies and thus we need to describe both individual loci; thus the "G:G" or similar shorthand notation.)
Such comparisons can be carried out on mitochondrial DNA (female parent's line), the Y chromosome (male parent's line), and the autosome chromosomes (both parents' lines).
In 90% of cases it is due to translocation of SRY gene either to X chromosome or some autosome;
Often called "young onset AD" because symptoms arise when people are in their 30s and 40s, more technically it is known as "autosomal dominant" AD an autosome being a non-sex chromosome).