autotomy


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au·tot·o·my

 (ô-tŏt′ə-mē)
n.
The spontaneous casting off of a limb or other body part, such as the tail of certain lizards or the claw of a lobster, especially when the organism is injured or under attack.

au′to·tom′ic (ô′tə-tŏm′ĭk), au′tot′o·mous adj.
au·tot′o·mize′ v.

autotomy

(ɔːˈtɒtəmɪ)
n, pl -mies
(Zoology) the casting off by an animal of a part of its body, to facilitate escape when attacked
autotomic, autotomous adj

au•tot•o•my

(ɔˈtɒt ə mi)

n., pl. -mies.
the breaking off of a damaged or trapped body appendage, as the tail of a lizard or the claw of a crab.
[1895–1900]
au•to•tom•ic (ˌɔ təˈtɒm ɪk) au•tot′o•mous, adj.
au•tot′o•mize`, v.i., v.t. -mized, -miz•ing.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.autotomy - spontaneous removal or casting off of a body part (as the tail of a lizard or claw of a lobster) especially when the organism is injured or under attackautotomy - spontaneous removal or casting off of a body part (as the tail of a lizard or claw of a lobster) especially when the organism is injured or under attack
remotion, removal - the act of removing; "he had surgery for the removal of a malignancy"
References in periodicals archive ?
The present study demonstrates that manual declawing has a major detrimental impact on fitness and welfare of edible crabs and we suggest that this method of harvesting should be replaced with induced autotomy of a single claw.
To cut a long tail short: a review of lizard caudal autotomy studies carried out over the last 20 years.
Stajcic19 showed that topically applied streptomycin significantly reduced the autotomy phenomenon after sciatic nerve section in rats.
The cost of arm autotomy in the starfish Stichaster striatus.
Caudal autotomy describes the process whereby many reptiles lose or drop a part of their tail due to predator attack or spontaneous contraction of tail muscles (Bateman and Fleming 2009; Wilson 2012; Cogger 2014).
Shifted balance of risk and cost after autotomy affects use of cover, escape, activity, and foraging in the keeled earless lizard (Holbrookia propinqua).
Because of the tendency for autotomy of limbs in southern Tanner and snow crabs, all manipulations were carried out quickly with the greatest possible care.
The cost of autotomy and regeneration in animals: a review and framework for future research.
Costs of regeneration and autotomy in animals: a review and framework for future research.
Autotomy following peripheral nerve lesions; Experimental anaesthesia dolorosa.