aversive conditioning


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Related to aversive conditioning: operant conditioning, Avoidance learning

aver′sive condi′tioning


n.
conditioning by linking an unpleasant or noxious stimulus with the performance of undesirable behavior.
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Noun1.aversive conditioning - conditioning to avoid an aversive stimulus
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
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References in periodicals archive ?
To date, there are some demonstrations of conditioned inhibition that have followed Papini and Bitterman's (1993) recommendations, for example, Cole, Bamet, and Miller (1997) using rats as subjects in an aversive conditioning paradigm, and Acebes, Solar, Moris, and Loy (2012) with snails as subjects using an appetitive paradigm.
Robbins, "Complementary roles for the amygdala and hippocampus in aversive conditioning to explicit and contextual cues," Neuroscience, vol.
In the aversive conditioning paradigm, two erotic pictures were used as the CS, and the CS+ was followed by a mild electric shock to the wrist (US).
Aversive conditioning with LiCl works similarly in goats, horses, sheep and cattle (RALPHS & OLSEN, 1990; 1992; RALPHS & CHENEY, 1993; RALPHS et al., 1994; PFISTER & PRICE, 1996; PFISTER et al., 2002; DUNCAN & YOUNG, 2002), and has been used to train animals to avoid toxic plants that may vary greatly in palatability (RALPHS et al., 1994; DUMONT & BOISSY, 1999; MANUELIAN et al., 2010; 2014).
This historic announcement from FDA comes amidst calls for bans from a number of patient groups concerned about the safety of medical devices such as aversive conditioning devices, power morcellators, certain birth control implants and metal-on-metal hip implants.
It took off in the opposite direction and I headed back over to the group with a golden opportunity to discuss aversive conditioning and its importance in urban human-coyote conflict management.
This edition has been updated and reorganized to place biological influences after the discussion of appetitive and aversive conditioning, and separates Pavlovian conditioning, appetitive conditioning, and aversive conditioning into single chapters.
To this extent, our results parallel somehow those reported using aversive conditioning paradigms where the acquisition of CS+/UCS associations (as measured by fear-startle potentiation) does not necessarily require contingency awareness, suggesting that this emotional learning is automatic and obligatory.
The use of aversive conditioning in the forms of electric shock, chemical, and imagery were found to be beneficial when paired with non-aversive interventions for the treatment of alcoholism (Nathan, 1976).