avoparcin


Also found in: Medical.

avoparcin

(ˌeɪvəʊˈpɑːsɪn)
n
an antibiotic, now banned in the EU, formerly used to treat farm animals
References in periodicals archive ?
Avoparcin used as a growth promoter is associated with the occurrence of vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium in Danish poultry and pig farms.
In 1993, the first studies showing a relationship between the use of avoparcin and an increment and transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci, the same antibiotic group (glycopeptides), arises.
An example is the decrease in vancomycin-resistant enterococci carriage among healthy people in the Netherlands and Germany after avoparcin was banned.
For example, avoparcin and virginiamycin, considered 'animal-only' antibiotics, could select strains resistant to drugs recently approved for humans.
Additionally, studies comparing resistance prevalence in both humans and animals before and after AGP bans have documented significant decreases in resistance (primarily in vancomycin-resistant enterococci following the ban of avoparcin as a growth promoter) (Aarestrup et al.
Their work uncovered a clear relationship between the use of the antibiotic avoparcin and the widespread occurrence of resistant bacteria.
Spais, "Effect of the dietary inclusion of the growth promoter avoparcin on the performance and carcass characteristics of growing quail," Animal Feed Science and Technology, vol.
In 1975, avoparcin was approved as a food additive and growth promoter in many countries worldwide, including the European Union, but not in Sweden, the United States, or Canada (van den Bogaard & Stobberingh, 2000; Hammerum et al.
Avoparcin used as a growth promoter is associated with the occurrence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium on Danish poultry and pig farms.
In Europe, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) is a widespread environmental contaminant, where its emergence has been linked to agricultural use of avoparcin, an antibiotic closely related to vancomycin.
Avoparcin causes cross-resistance to vancomycin and teicoplanin among bacteria (21).
Avoparcin and monensin effects on the digestion of nutrients in dairy cows fed a mixed diet.