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v. a·woke (ə-wōk′) or a·waked, a·waked or a·wok·en (ə-wō′kən), a·wak·ing, a·wakes
1. To rouse from sleep; waken: "It was almost dark when the sound of crickets awoke her" (Jonathan Safran Foer).
2. To make aware of: The report awoke him to the possibilities of a compromise.
3. To stir up (memories, for example).
1. To wake up.
2. To become alert.
3. To become aware or cognizant: "Web publishers have awaked to the idea that they need to offer not only material appealing to children, but a little supervision as well" (Laurie J. Flynn). See Usage Note at wake1.
1. Completely conscious; not in a state of sleep.
2. Fully alert; attuned. See Synonyms at aware.

[Middle English awaken, from Old English āwacan : ā-, intensive pref. + wacan, wake; see wake1.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


vb, awakes, awaking, awoke, awaked, awoken or awaked
1. to emerge or rouse from sleep; wake
2. to become or cause to become alert
3. (usually foll by to) to become or make aware (of): to awake to reality.
4. (tr) to arouse (feelings, etc) or cause to remember (memories, etc)
adj (postpositive)
5. not sleeping
6. (sometimes foll by to) lively or alert
[Old English awacian, awacan; see wake1]
Usage: See at wake1
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



v. a•woke a•waked, a•woke a•waked a•wo•ken, a•wak•ing, v.t.
1. to rouse from sleep.
2. to make active or alert; rouse: It awoke his flagging interest.
3. to emerge from sleep.
4. to become active or alert.
5. to become conscious of something: finally awoke to the facts.
6. waking; not sleeping.
7. vigilant; alert.
[before 1000; Old English awacen, past participle of awæcnan; see a-, wake]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Awake, wake, awaken, and wake up can all be intransitive verbs to say that someone becomes conscious again after being asleep. They can also be transitive verbs to say that someone makes you conscious when you have been asleep.

Awake and wake are irregular verbs. Their past tense forms are awoke and woke, and their -ed participles are awoken and woken.

1. 'awake' and 'wake'

Awake and wake are fairly common in writing, especially as intransitive verbs.

I awoke from a deep sleep.
I sometimes wake at four in the morning.
2. 'wake up'

In ordinary conversation, you use wake up.

Ralph, wake up!
They went back to sleep but I woke them up again.
3. 'awake' used as an adjective

Awake can also be an adjective. If someone is awake, they are not asleep. Awake is usually used after linking verbs like be, stay, keep, and lie.

An hour later he was still awake.
Cho stayed awake for a long time.

Awake is sometimes used after a noun.

She was the last person awake.

Be Careful!
Don't use awake in front of a noun. Don't say, for example, 'an awake child'. Say 'a child who is awake'.

Be Careful!
Don't say that someone is 'very awake'. You say that they are wide awake or fully awake.

He was wide awake by the time we reached my flat.
She got up, still not fully awake.
Collins COBUILD English Usage © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 2004, 2011, 2012


Past participle: awoken/awaked
Gerund: awaking

I awake
you awake
he/she/it awakes
we awake
you awake
they awake
I awoke/awaked
you awoke/awaked
he/she/it awoke/awaked
we awoke/awaked
you awoke/awaked
they awoke/awaked
Present Continuous
I am awaking
you are awaking
he/she/it is awaking
we are awaking
you are awaking
they are awaking
Present Perfect
I have awoken/awaked
you have awoken/awaked
he/she/it has awoken/awaked
we have awoken/awaked
you have awoken/awaked
they have awoken/awaked
Past Continuous
I was awaking
you were awaking
he/she/it was awaking
we were awaking
you were awaking
they were awaking
Past Perfect
I had awoken/awaked
you had awoken/awaked
he/she/it had awoken/awaked
we had awoken/awaked
you had awoken/awaked
they had awoken/awaked
I will awake
you will awake
he/she/it will awake
we will awake
you will awake
they will awake
Future Perfect
I will have awoken/awaked
you will have awoken/awaked
he/she/it will have awoken/awaked
we will have awoken/awaked
you will have awoken/awaked
they will have awoken/awaked
Future Continuous
I will be awaking
you will be awaking
he/she/it will be awaking
we will be awaking
you will be awaking
they will be awaking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been awaking
you have been awaking
he/she/it has been awaking
we have been awaking
you have been awaking
they have been awaking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been awaking
you will have been awaking
he/she/it will have been awaking
we will have been awaking
you will have been awaking
they will have been awaking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been awaking
you had been awaking
he/she/it had been awaking
we had been awaking
you had been awaking
they had been awaking
I would awake
you would awake
he/she/it would awake
we would awake
you would awake
they would awake
Past Conditional
I would have awoken/awaked
you would have awoken/awaked
he/she/it would have awoken/awaked
we would have awoken/awaked
you would have awoken/awaked
they would have awoken/awaked
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.awake - stop sleepingawake - stop sleeping; "She woke up to the sound of the alarm clock"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
Adj.1.awake - not in a state of sleepawake - not in a state of sleep; completely conscious; "lay awake thinking about his new job"; "still not fully awake"
alert, watchful - engaged in or accustomed to close observation; "caught by a couple of alert cops"; "alert enough to spot the opportunity when it came"; "constantly alert and vigilant, like a sentinel on duty"
aware, cognisant, cognizant - (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception; "was aware of his opponent's hostility"; "became aware of her surroundings"; "aware that he had exceeded the speed limit"
conscious - knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts; "remained conscious during the operation"; "conscious of his faults"; "became conscious that he was being followed"
asleep - in a state of sleep; "were all asleep when the phone rang"; "fell asleep at the wheel"
2.awake - mentally perceptive and responsive;"an alert mind"; "alert to the problems"; "alive to what is going on"; "awake to the dangers of her situation"; "was now awake to the reality of his predicament"
aware, cognisant, cognizant - (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception; "was aware of his opponent's hostility"; "became aware of her surroundings"; "aware that he had exceeded the speed limit"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


1. not sleeping, sleepless, wide-awake, aware, waking, conscious, aroused, awakened, restless, restive, wakeful, bright-eyed and bushy-tailed I don't stay awake at night worrying about that.
not sleeping sleeping, asleep, unconscious, napping, dormant, crashed out (slang), dozing, dead to the world (informal)
1. wake up, come to, wake, stir, awaken, rouse I awoke to the sound of the wind in the trees.
2. alert, excite, stimulate, provoke, revive, arouse, activate, awaken, fan, animate, stir up, incite, kick-start (informal), enliven, kindle, breathe life into, call forth, vivify He had awoken interest in the sport again.
awake to alert to, aware of, on the lookout for, alive to, attentive to, on the alert for, observant of, watchful of, on guard to, on your toes to, heedful of, vigilant of They are awake to the challenge of stemming the exodus.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002


1. To cease sleeping:
2. To induce or elicit (a reaction or emotion):
1. Not in a state of sleep:
2. Marked by comprehension, cognizance, and perception:
Slang: hip.
Idiom: on to.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
مُسْتَيْقِظمُسْتَيْقِظ، صاحيَسْتَيْقِظ، يَصْحويُفَيقُ
probuditprobuzenývzbuditvzbudit sevzhůru
herätäherättäähereillä olevahavahtua
ébren van
깨어 있는잠에서 깨다
budenzbuditizbuditi se
ตื่นปลุก ทำให้ตื่น
thứcthức dậyđánh thức


[əˈweɪk] (awoke or awaked (pt) (awoken or awaked (pp)))
A. ADJdespierto
to be awakeestar despierto
fully awaketotalmente despierto
I was still only half awakeaún estaba medio dormido
coffee keeps me awake (= keeps me alert) → el café me mantiene despierto; (= stops me sleeping) → el café me desvela
the noise kept me awakeel ruido no me dejó dormir
to lie awake he lay awake all night, thinking about his new jobno pudo dormir en toda la noche or estuvo desvelado toda la noche, pensando en su nuevo trabajo
I'm not really awake yetaún no estoy despierto del todo
to stay awakemantenerse despierto, no dormirse
I found it difficult to stay awakeme costaba mantenerme despierto, me costaba no dormirme
I'm not going to stay awake all night worrying about thatno voy a pasarme toda la noche en vela preocupándome por eso
to be awake to sth (fig) → ser consciente de algo
wide awaketotalmente despierto
1. (= wake up) → despertar
2. (= arouse) [+ suspicion, curiosity] → despertar; [+ hope] → hacer nacer; [+ memories] → reavivar, resucitar
1. (liter) (= wake up) → despertar
I awoke from a deep sleepdesperté de un sueño profundo
when are we going to awake from this nightmare?¿cuándo vamos a despertar de esta pesadilla?
she awoke to a lovely, sunny daydespertó y el día era precioso, soleado
he awoke to find himself in hospitalal despertar(se) vio que se hallaba en el hospital
2. (= become aware)
to awake to sthdarse cuenta de algo
she awoke to the fact thatse dio cuenta de que ...
he finally awoke to his responsibilitiesfinalmente tomó conciencia de sus responsabilidades
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005


(not asleep) [person] → éveillé(e)
to be awake → être éveillé(e)
He was still awake → Il était encore éveillé.
Is she awake? → Elle est réveillée?
Are you awake?
BUT Tu dors?.
to lie wide awake → rester allongé(e) sans pouvoir fermer l'œil
(fig)en éveil
awake to → conscient(e) de
vb [awoke] (pt) [awoken, awaked] (pp)
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


pret <awoke>, ptp <awoken or awaked>
vi (lit, fig)erwachen; to awake from sleep/a dreamaus dem Schlaf/einem Traum erwachen; to awake to something (fig: = realize) → sich (dat)einer Sache (gen)bewusst werden; (= become interested)beginnen, sich für etw zu interessieren; to awake to the joys of something(plötzlich) Vergnügen an etw (dat)finden; his interest is only beginning to awakesein Interesse ist erst neu erwacht
vtwecken; (fig) suspicion, interest etc alsoerwecken; to awake somebody to something (= make realize)jdm etw bewusst machen; (= make interested)jds Interesse für etw wecken
adj pred (lit, fig)wach; (= alert also)aufmerksam; to be/lie/stay awakewach sein/liegen/bleiben; to keep somebody awakejdn wach halten; wide awake (lit, fig)hellwach; to be awake to something (fig)sich (dat)einer Sache (gen)bewusst sein ADV a
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007


1. adjsveglio/a
to lie awake → rimanere sveglio/a a letto
coffee keeps me awake → il caffè mi fa star sveglio
to be awake to (fig) → essere cosciente or conscio/a or consapevole di
2. vt (awoke or awaked (pt) (awoken or awaked (pp))) → svegliare (fig) (emotions, memories) → risvegliare, ridestare; (suspicions) → destare
3. visvegliarsi
to awake to sth (fig) → rendersi conto di qc, aprire gli occhi su qc
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995


(əˈweik) past tense awoke (əˈwouk) : past participles aˈwaked ~aˈwoken – verb
to wake from sleep. He was awoken by a noise; He awoke suddenly.
not asleep. Is he awake?
aˈwaken verb
1. to awake. I was awakened by the song of the birds.
2. to start (a feeling of interest, guilt etc). His interest was awakened by the lecture.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.


مُسْتَيْقِظ, يُفَيقُ probudit (se), probuzený vække, vågen aufwecken, wach ξύπνιος, ξυπνώ κάποιον despertar, despierto herätä, hereillä oleva éveillé, réveiller budan, buditi svegliarsi, sveglio 目が覚める, 眠らずに 깨어 있는, 잠에서 깨다 wakker, wakker worden våken, våkne obudzić się, przebudzony acordado, despertar бодрствующий, будить vaken, vakna ตื่น, ปลุก ทำให้ตื่น uyanık, uyanmak đánh thức, thức 唤醒, 醒着的
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009


a. despierto-a;
wide ___totalmente despierto-a (sin poder dormir) desuelado-a.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


adj despierto
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Accordingly, seeing that our senses sometimes deceive us, I was willing to suppose that there existed nothing really such as they presented to us; and because some men err in reasoning, and fall into paralogisms, even on the simplest matters of geometry, I, convinced that I was as open to error as any other, rejected as false all the reasonings I had hitherto taken for demonstrations; and finally, when I considered that the very same thoughts(presentations) which we experience when awake may also be experienced when we are asleep, while there is at that time not one of them true, I supposed that all the objects (presentations) that had ever entered into my mind when awake, had in them no more truth than the illusions of my dreams.
She slept lightly at first, half awake and drowsily attentive to the things about her.
Whenever this bell rang, up started Affery, and was in the sick room before she was awake.
But Skipper did not awake and a fine spray of rain, almost as thin as mist, made Jerry curl up and press closely into the angle formed by Skipper's head and shoulder.
And to go out of the way of all who sleep badly and keep awake at night!
I lay there fretting over this injury, and trying to go to sleep; but the harder I tried, the wider awake I grew.
"There is the point, senora," replied Sancho Panza, "that I without dreaming at all, but being more awake than I am now, find myself with scarcely less wheals than my master, Don Quixote."
Part of the night he thought of this imperfection; that is to say, so long as he was awake he thought of Rosa.
Then the youngest brother took his turn of guarding the windows, and to prevent his being overcome by sleep he placed a lot of thorns under his chin, so that if he felt drowsy and nodded his head, they would prick him and keep him awake.
I had been accustomed to read myself back asleep when I chanced to awake. But now this began to fail me.
This is the trial we shall give you; and if your love for Lily-Bell be strong enough to keep you from all cruelty and selfishness, and make you kind and loving as you should be, she will awake to welcome you, and love you still more fondly than before."
We had been sitting in this crouching manner for some time, when all at once I thought I would open my eyes; for when between sheets, whether by day or by night, and whether asleep or awake, I have a way of always keeping my eyes shut, in order the more to concentrate the snugness of being in bed.