18 FDG-PET [2-(fluorine-18)-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography] scanning is ar imaging modality that has been adopted as a means of staging the whole body in patients with various malignancies, and there has been some interest in its use for assessing axillary
lymph node status in breast cancer.
Size of breast cancer metastases in axillary
lymph nodes: clinical relevance of minimal lymph node involvement.
Using this technology we've seen stable axillary
hair reduction of approximately 70% regardless of color, and these results were based on a non-optimized treatment protocol.
Further evaluation with bilateral breast ultrasound confirmed a mass in the upper outer quadrant of the left breast, again favored to represent an enlarged intramammary lymph node (Figure 1b), as well as at least two enlarged right axillary
arising from the axillary
bud of the single involucral bract.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of lymphedema in breast cancer patients who underwent level 3 ALND, which is known as the most destructive axillary
surgery, and to evaluate the risk factors related to this condition.
To the best of our knowledge, this report describes the first case of axillary
lipogranuloma in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the light of mammographic and ultrasonographic findings of this rare entity.
Dr Padmakumar explained that endoscopic thyroidectomy by axillary
approach involves the following steps -- a 10mm trocar placement in the axilla towards the neck for the telescope, which initially helps in creating the plane and visualisation of structures with magnification, precision and clarity.
The group analyzed outcomes for 8,135 women enrolled in 22 studies, randomized to receive radiotherapy to the chest wall and regional lymph nodes after mastectomy and axillary
surgery, or to receive the same surgery with no radiotherapy.
Indications for post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) include patients with T3, T4 tumours and those with [greater than or equal to] 4 positive axillary
For women with no suspicious axillary
nodes who undergo breast-conserving therapy, there is little evidence of benefit in doing a complete axillary
node dissection compared with sentinel node biopsy alone, the reviewers report.
8220;Most people are ashamed and embarrassed by their axillary
hyperhidrosis, and it can interfere with many aspects of everyday life, from anxiety at work to avoidance of leisure activities.