These nerves are arranged within a neurovascular sheath around the axillary artery
The anatomic landmark for the axillary artery
was sought under ultrasonographic guidance that offered accurate placement of the injection needle while avoiding puncture of nerve structures during the injection.
Along its cranial course, the subclavian artery first gave off the sternoclavicular artery, and then the axillary artery
, intercostal artery and finally internal and external thoracic arteries.
Anomalous latissimocondyloideus muscle was seen with rare variant of the axillary artery
lying beneath the anomalous muscle.
Aabesh, a student of Class XII, bled to his death after suffering a deep cut to his left axillary artery
, during a birthday party that he was attending with his friends at a city apartment.
Injuries to the first part of the axillary artery
were included because surgical exposure is often similar to that for the third part of the subclavian artery, and it can be difficult to distinguish between them anatomically.
When the origin of AM is located proximally above the elbow level from the brachial artery (arteria brachialis [AB]) or from the axillary artery
(arteria axillaris, AA), such a variant should be termed the brachiomedian artery (ABM), as proposed by Rodriguez-Niedenfuhr et al.
The median nerve traverses most of the time superior to the axillary artery
, while the ulnar and axillary nerves are found inferior to the axillary artery
The axillary artery
and the brachial plexus were recognized unmarked.
The right axillary artery
was prepared for aorta cannulation, and subsequently, median sternotomy was performed.
6,14,30) However, they usually branch much higher, either from the axillary artery
or the brachial artery as it courses in the arm, and are classified as superficial brachioulnar arteries.
The subclavian artery was injured in 9 patients (31%) and the axillary artery
was injured in 20 patients (69%).