In some cases, bleeding sites were supplied by nonbronchial systemic arteries/collaterals, which included branches of the internal mammary artery, thyrocervical trunk, inferior phrenic artery, subclavian artery, axillary artery
, extrathoracic artery, and superior intercostals.
High origin of a superficial ulnar artery arising from the axillary artery
: anatomy, embryology, clinical significance and a review ofthe literature.
Two years ago, she had undergone PTA and Stent deployment to right axillary artery
using 7 x 60 mm complete SE iliac Medtronic stent and abdominal aorta was stented using 14 x 80 cm COOK ZILVER 635 and 14 x 60 cm COOK ZILVER 635 two self-expanding stents, which was expanded up to 9 mm.
The catheter pathways were as follows: Right femoral vein → inferior vena cava → right atrium → atrial septal defect → left atrium → left ventricle → aorta, and right axillary artery
→ right subclavian artery → ascending aorta.
The axillary artery
was localized with ultrasound and the medial, ulnar, musculocutaneous and radial nerves were identified, for a needle approach of the plexus plane.
The arm which had to be operated upon was taken to 90 degrees of abduction and the forearm was taken to approximately 90 degrees of flexion, 1 ml of lidocaine injection was given after the operative field had been cleaned and axillary artery
The variations in branching pattern of axillary artery
are a rule rather than exception.
The femoral and axillary artery
cannulations were made to protect spinal and cerebral regions.
In the axilla there was considerable individual variation in the location of the median, radial and ulnar nerves in relation to the axillary artery
. There was often more than one venous structure in this region, which was easily compressed by surface palpation.
The anterior circumflex humeral artery arises from the axillary artery
about one centimeter distal to the inferior border of the pectoralis major and courses laterally along the inferior border of the subscapularis tendon.
Another report explained that the triceps brachii was supplied by the axillary artery
(Gruionu et al., 2000).
He was operated using right axillary artery
cannulation and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (28[degrees]C, 12 minutes under 800ml/min flow).