A bedside compression venous ultrasound of the right upper extremity that included the brachial veins, the axillary vein
, the subclavian vein, and the internal jugular vein was performed revealing a distended, incompressible right subclavian vein which contained a visible intraluminal thrombus.
Neurological examination, Doppler ultrasound of the axillary vein
, and axillary magnetic resonance imaging findings were normal.
All the nerves ulnar, radial, median, musculocutaneous nerve and the axillary vein
were carefully dissected away from the lipoma and a suction drain was kept.
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of optimized axillary vein
Of the venous injuries, internal jugular and axillary vein
injuries comprised the highest number (6%), followed by subclavian vein injuries (5%).
A duplex ultrasound of the right upper arm revealed an acute occlusive thrombus in the axillary vein
It is important to identify the axillary vein
, because it also provides a spherical and hypoechoic image, although it is not pulsating and is readily compressible.
c) Coronal CT image after administration of intravenous contrast shows the presence of multiple well-circumscribed lymph nodes spread throughout the axillary vein
(long dotted line) and dorsal thoracic vein (dotted line) in the left axilla and supraclavicular (arrowhead) and infraclavicular regions.
The boundaries of axillary dissection were defined by superior limit as the posterolateral border of the pectoralis major muscle and axillary vein
, medial limit being clavipectoral fascia or Hallstead's ligament, lateral limit as the anterior border of latissimus dorsi and the inferior limit being the lower
thrombosis in a healthy donor following platelet apheresis; Br J Hhaematology; 2002;116(2):390-391.
The caliber of the axillary vein
was 10mm, that of the venous profundocircumflex trunk was 8mm, and both tributaries (posterior humeral circumflex vein and profunda brachii vein) were 6mm wide.
There are three major clinical manifestations: Neurogenic type--it is predominant, accounting for 90 to 95% of all patients; Arterial type--accounts for less than 5% and results from compression of the subclavian artery; Venous type --it is uncommon and results from thrombosis of the subclavian or axillary vein
, and usually occurs due to some sort of trauma.