axolemma


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axolemma

(ˌæksəˈlɛmə) or

axilemma

n
(Biology) the membrane that encloses the axon of a nerve cell
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.axolemma - outer membrane covering an axonaxolemma - outer membrane covering an axon  
tissue layer, membrane - a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants
medullary sheath, myelin sheath - a layer of myelin encasing (and insulating) the axons of medullated nerve fibers
References in periodicals archive ?
The anti-GM1 and anti-GD1a antibodies bind to the nodal axolemma, leading to complement activation followed by membrane attack complex (MAC) formation and disappearance of voltage-gated sodium channels.
Notice in D that the synaptic vesicles lost their typical distribution close to the presynaptic axolemma indicating that terminal bouton was remodeled after 5 minutes in contact with the poison extract; in E and F it is shown that the AChRs are maintained in place indicating that the postsynaptic nicotinic receptors were unaffected.
Macrophages bypass the myelin sheath and attack the axolemma where the gangliosides are present [6].
Although, coculture with SCs is a simple way to differentiate ASCs into Schwann-like cells, culturing SCs in vitro is difficult because they are often contaminated with fibroblasts present in the axolemma [3, 28-30].
AMAN is characterized by axon dysfunctions with little demyelination by anti-GM1 antibodies and complement-mediated attack on the axolemma of the nodes of Ranvier [71].