axon

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ax·on

 (ăk′sŏn′) also ax·one (-sōn′)
n.
The usually long process of a nerve fiber that generally conducts impulses away from the body of the nerve cell.

[Greek axōn, axis.]

ax′on·al (ăk′sə-nəl, ăk-sŏn′əl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

axon

(ˈæksɒn) or

axone

n
(Biology) the long threadlike extension of a nerve cell that conducts nerve impulses from the cell body. Compare dendrite
[C19: via New Latin from Greek: axis, axle, vertebra]
ˈaxonal, axˈonic adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ax•on

(ˈæk sɒn)

n.
the appendage of a neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body.
[1835–45; < New Latin < Greek áxōn an axle, axis; akin to Latin axis]
ax′on•al (-sə nl, -ˌsɒn l) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ax·on

(ăk′sŏn′)
The long portion of a nerve cell that carries impulses away from the body of the cell. Also called nerve fiber.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

axon

The extension of a neuron, taking impulses away from the cell body.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.axon - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuronaxon - long nerve fiber that conducts away from the cell body of the neuron
nerve fiber, nerve fibre - a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
nerve cell, neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
nerve end, nerve ending - the terminal structure of an axon that does not end at a synapse
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

axon

[ˈæksɒn] n axone [ˈæksəʊn] nassone m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

ax·on

n. axon, fibra nerviosa, proyección que va desde el cuerpo celular de una neurona y transporta impulsos nerviosos lejos de ésta.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
In particular, the results of the present study indicate that an oral regimen of amphetamine, modeled after dosing regimens used in patients with ADHD,&nbsp;engenders plasma amphetamine concentrations that result in toxicity to brain dopaminergic axon terminals in baboons and squirrel monkeys.
PV-positive axon terminals formed symmetrical synapses with mainly principal cell somata, proximal dendrites, and axon initial segments (AISs, Figures 3(e)-3(h)).
Some studies have shown that morphological attributes of axon terminals, such as the size of terminals (18), are associated with different functional roles in neuronal pathways (19).
Another is the change in the lattice compactness under experimental hypersecretion of the neurohypophyseal axon terminals which secrete oxytocin and vasopressin.
The afferents of 48 of the 52 club-like endings were associated with axon terminals; the remaining 4 neurons demonstrated the convergence of two axon terminals arranged side-by-side into one afferent fiber.
Inhibition of the enzyme increases the amount of noradrenaline, serotonin and dopamine in axon terminals. This causes "leakage" of monoamines into the synapse.
Neurotrophins are thought to be secreted from different neuronal structures, including both axon terminals and dendrites (see Altar and DiStefano 1998 for review).
Calcium influx studies on the axon terminals of the NL also confirmed the expression and function of TRPC3.
Functional architecture of synapses in the inner retina: segregation of visual signals by stratification of bipolar cell axon terminals. J.
Neurons communicate with each other by chemicals called neurotransmitters that are transported from the cell body to the axon terminals where they are released.