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A bundle of microtubules and associated proteins that makes up the core of a cilium or flagellum, consisting of nine pairs of microtubules arranged around two single microtubules.

[Greek axōn, axis + Greek nēma, thread; see (s)nē- in Indo-European roots.]

ax′o·ne′mal adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


of or relating to the axoneme
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Genes including tektin-2 (TEKT2) [5], dynein axonemal heavy chain 5 (DNAH5), DNAH11 [6], heat shock protein-70 [7], peroxiredoxin-6 [8], protamine 2 [9] and proteins including vesicle associated membrane protein 4 [10], outer dense fiber protein (ODF) [11], a-kinase anchoring protein 4 [12], calcium and integrin binding 1 [13], actin beta (ACTB) have been found to be associated with low-motility sperm (asthenospermia) in mice, swine, humans and cattle.
Lipid peroxidation (LPO) leads to the depletion of intracellular ATP causing axonemal damage, low sperm viability, and increased defects in the mid piece of the sperms.
Transcriptional regulation of an axonemal central apparatus gene, sperm-associated antigen 6, by a SRY-related high mobility group transcription factor, S-Sox5.
DNAH5 Dynein heavy chain 5, axonemal. Cilium assembly, cilium movement, determination of left/right asymmetry, heart development.
The interaction between rs17688362 and rs12484954 involves the RNA 5S ribosomal pseudogene 455 (RNA5SP455)/keratin 8 pseudogene 5 (KRT8P5) and the gene dynein axonemal light chain 4 (DNAL4).
Subsequently, the axonemal microtubules elongate from the distal end of the outer doublets and the cilium arises [14].
An immune response that cross-reacts with axonemal or Schwann cell antigens is elicited and results in damage to the peripheral nerves.
Axonemal beta heavy chain dynein DNAH9: cDNA sequence, genomic structure, and investigation of its role in primary ciliary dyskinesia.
Usually, the axoneme is formed by nine outer doublet microtubules and two central singlet microtubules (the 9+2 pattern); the active sliding of microtubules by axonemal dyneins and proper assembly of all cytoskeletal elements is critical for sperm motility (Inaba, 2003).
To identify the factor inducing the flagellar movement of hyperactivated spermatozoa, demembranated spermatozoa that were deprived of their plasma membrane with nonionic detergent Triton X-100 were used because effect of ions and other molecules on the axonemal movement could be examined directly.
Most of the exons with extremely high coverage (>1400X) appeared to come from a few genes [HYDIN, axonemal central pair apparatus protein (HYDIN) and lysine (K)specific methyltransferase 2C (KMT2C, also known as MLL3)] and were likely caused by incompleteness (homologous regions not represented) in the hg19 reference genome (see online Supplemental Table 4); we therefore excluded mutations detected in those exons.
Absence of axonemal arms in nasal mucosa cilia in Kartagener's syndrome.