Its clinical manifestations mainly include oliguria or anuria, azotemia
, hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis, seriously endangering human life in case of ineffective rescue.2 Owing to the lack of effective therapies, over 50% of AKI patients cannot recover,3 and progress to chronic kidney disease instead.
Adverse reactions including photosensitivity, pseudotumor cerebri, and anti-anabolic action which has led to increased BUN, azotemia
, acidosis, hyperphosphatemia, pancreatitis, and abnormal liver function tests, have been reported for other tetracycline-class antibacterial drugs, and may occur with Xerava.
Hepatitis B is a significant worldwide health problem, which is treated with entecavir, a common nucleoside (deoxyguanosine) analog with various side effects, such as lactic acidosis, myalgia, azotemia
, hypophosphatemia, headache, diarrhea, pancreatitis, and neuropathy, and, in rare cases, cutaneous drug eruption (3,4,5).
Signs of Lyme nephritis include anorexia, vomiting, weight loss, muscle wasting, lethargy, bad breath, azotemia
(elevated creatinine and BUN), and edema (excess fluid).
Hyperbilirubinemia to predominance of the direct one, hiperamilasemia, transaminasemia, phostatase alkaline raised, hipokalemia, time of long prothrombin, normochromic anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, bandemia, high CPK, azotemia
, proteinuria, hematuria, blood culture and urine culture of revenue negatives, arterial gas with hypoxemia and desaturation, kirby's index under, short circuits intrapulmonary and the difference alveolar-arterial of oxygen raised.
By reviewing the average range of laboratory parameters that indicate serum levels of nitrogenous substances, in patients with CRF on HD, there were significant increases of urea (26.14 [+ or -] 5.75), creatinine (1111.55 [+ or -] 1327.88) and uric acid (403.17 [+ or -] 73.21) before HD, while the values of azotemia
were, as expected, within the reference values (urea: 11.25 [+ or -] 3.13, creatinine: 444.16 [+ or -] 124.88, uric acid: 165.8 [+ or -] 59.25) after HD treatment.
Increased BUN and creatinine (azotemia
) were observed in colic, which could be due to dehydration and decreased filtration across glomerulus (Tabar and Cruz, 2009).
A 75-year-old white man with hypertension, coronary artery disease, and peripheral vascular disease was admitted with azotemia
, fatigue, anorexia, and headaches.
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), creatinine, azotemia
, glycemia, and complete hemochrome were also assessed.
However, improvement of azotemia
and proteinuria depending on treatment and severity of the disease has been described [9, 14, 15].
Laboratory results revealed leukocytosis, prerenal azotemia
, elevated liver enzymes, and mildly elevated lipase (Table 1).