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also Ba'ath·ist  (bä′ä-thĭst)
A member of a pan-Arab socialist political party active principally in Syria and Iraq.

[After the Ba'ath Party, from Arabic ba'ṯ, revival, from ba'ata, to send, evoke, awaken.]

Ba′ath·ism n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Despite initially promoting Sadeq al-Sadr, the Baathists in 1999 assassinated the cleric after he had amassed a powerful following and began to criticize the regime.
Former Iraqi Baathists are playing a leading role in ISIL, especially as leaders of its shadowy military and security committees.
Sectarian divisions existed in Syria long before the Baathists came to power.
THI-QAR / Aswat al-Iraq: Security authorities in Baghdad released 39 former Baathists, who were accused of attempting to make a coup, raising several questions about the reason behind their arrest and the seriousness of their plan.
--Threatens Baathists with Prosecution if they Fail to Renounce the Party in Writing
Arrests on this scale are likely to alarm Sunni Arabs, who consider use of the term "Baathists" by Iraq's Shiite-dominated government to be a coded way to refer to Sunni politicians, army officers, and other prominent members of their community.
the recent apprehension of hundreds of baathists, warning against those who
Government officials have long expressed concern that Baathists would try to retake power when US troops depart.
Baghdad (NINA) -- Head of the White Iraqiya Slate, Hassan Al Alawi, said objecting the return of teachers who were considered as baathists to their jobs is a shameful stance backed by vengeance desire, Alawi told NINA.
"The people of Iraq will never witness Baathists' return to the political scene of Iraq.
Many feel the candidate ban and vows by Shi ite parties including Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki s Dawa to purge the civil service of Baathists is sweet revenge for Saddam s brutal rule and oppression of the Shi ite majority and minority Kurds.
Mutlaq is a fierce critic of Shiite Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, who is leading the purge of Baathists whom he accuses of working with Al-Qaeda insurgents to threaten Iraq's security and government.