bacchius

bacchius

(bæˈkaɪəs)
n, pl -chii (-ˈkaɪaɪ)
(Poetry) prosody a metrical foot of one short syllable followed by two long ones (˘¯¯). Compare dactyl
[C16: from Latin, from Greek Bakkheios (pous) a Bacchic (foot)]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

bacchius

1. (in quantitative meter) a short syllable followed by two long.
2. (in accented meter) an unstressed syllable followed by two stressed. Cf. antibacchius. — bacchic, adj.
See also: Verse
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(120) Justin was even willing to bet his life that Christians would be proven innocent of any crime if the government would simply investigate the allegations, and he did not write anonymously; instead, he identified himself by name: "Justin, son of Priscus and grandson of Bacchius, from Flavia Neapolis in Syria-Palestine." (121) In his appeal to the emperor's reason, Justin says, "if nobody can prove anything against us, true reason forbids you because of an evil rumour to wrong innocent people, and indeed rather to wrong yourselves, who think fit to instigate action not by judgment but by passion." (122)
Bacchius (3rd century BC) commented on a Hippocratic document, On Carcinosis, but this no longer exists.
Levin says that, according to Bacchius, melody provides the conditions for music's existence, while music subsists by virtue of melody.
In classical, particularly Latin, prosody, the first two syllables are long and the last is short (- - U ); this foot is not used in itself as the basis for any rhythm, but rather as a variant of the bacchius. In accentual or modern prosody, the first two syllables have either primary or intermediate stress and the last is unstressed.
Similar definitions appear in Aristides Quintilianus (De musica 29.12-14 Winnington-Ingram)(11) and perhaps in Bacchius (Eisagoge 51, 304.10-12 Jan), though here the text needs a minor emendation to secure an equivalent sense.(12) The phenomenon is also discussed at length by Ptolemy (Harm.
In Cleonides and Bacchius it appears only in a summary list of types of modulation.