Two levels of specialization in bacteraemic
Escherichia coli strains revealed by their comparison with commensal strains.
Epidemic neonatal listeriosis at Tygerberg Hospital was associated with a predominance of bacteraemic
disease and severe respiratory complications.
UTIs are considered to be the most common cause of bacteraemia among geriatric individuals, leading to high rates of hospitalisations.22 A study evaluating 100 bacteraemic
episodes in the elderly population revealed that the genitourinary system was the most common source of bacteraemia.23 Although patients with secondary bacteraemia were detected in the current study, their prognosis remained good with immediate and appropriate empirical treatment.
Epidural abscess and meningitis, a complication of spinal anesthesia in a bacteraemic
Kim et al., "Early administration of appropriate antimicrobial agents to improve the outcome of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii complex bacteraemic
pneumonia," International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol.
Meningitis (n = 38) was the most common manifestation of the IPD cases (n = 71), bacteraemic
pneumonia and bacteraemia without focus accounted for 25 and 8 cases, respectively.
This finding is clinically relevant, since a Gram-negative bacillary etiology should be suspected in adults with spontaneous acute meningitis who have a history or a simultaneous diagnosis of bacteraemic
urinary tract infection.
Petersen, "Mortality following bacteraemic
infection caused by extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing E.
In contrast, bacteraemic
patients in this study had no clinical or microbiological evidence of concurrent UTI, which, notwithstanding the small number of isolates, raises the possibility of an unrecognised nonurinary source (i.e., gastrointestinal focus).
Garabal, "Virulence factors of bacteraemic
Escherichia coli with particular reference to production of cytotoxic necrotising factor (CNF) by P-fimbriate strains," Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol.
It is a point to be addressed in subsequent studies because patients with VRE colonisation are more likely to become bacteraemic
as focused in other studies.4
 The impact of PCV in reducing pneumonia hospitalisation, mortality, bacteraemic
disease and clinical disease in children has been reported in several studies.