bacterial toxin


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Noun1.bacterial toxin - any endotoxin or exotoxin formed in or elaborated by bacterial cells
Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin, epsilon toxin - a bacterial toxin produced by clostridium perfringens; causes intense abdominal cramps and diarrhea that begins 8-22 hours after consumption of foods containing large numbers of these bacteria
toxin - a poisonous substance produced during the metabolism and growth of certain microorganisms and some higher plant and animal species
anatoxin, toxoid - a bacterial toxin that has been weakened until it is no longer toxic but is strong enough to induce the formation of antibodies and immunity to the specific disease caused by the toxin; "diphtheria toxoid"
botulin, botulinus toxin, botulismotoxin - potent bacterial toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum that causes botulism; can be used as a bioweapon
References in periodicals archive ?
It is now well-accepted that this potent bacterial toxin plays an important role in producing necrotizing fasciitis (NF), the rapid infection of soft tissue referred to as flesh-eating" disease.
In experiments, researchers injected mice with a bacterial toxin or punctured the animals' colons.
It has identified a novel autoimmune target for this subset of IBS cases because of the development of cross-reacting antibodies between a bacterial toxin and a protein important for controlling gastrointestinal motility.
The stool and blood results also came negative with no indication of bacterial toxin.
When the researchers exposed microglial cells to a bacterial toxin, they produced inflammatory cytokines capable of destroying brain cells known as neurons.
The researchers showed that microglial cells that were exposed to a bacterial toxin produced inflammatory cytokines that could kill neurons.
When the chemical was introduced into the drinking water of mice, it reduced inflammation in the brain triggered by a bacterial toxin.
coli and further a mechanism of OMV-mediated receptor-dependent delivery of bacterial toxin into host cells was implicated (42).
Pseudomonas exotoxin A (PE) is a further bacterial toxin that ADP-ribosylates eEF2 at the diphthamide (13).
Toraymyxin, a blood purification device (column), absorbs the bacterial toxin (endotoxin) that causes sepsis and septic shock using a special fiber.
The preferred killing moiety is the bacterial toxin Pseudomonas exotoxin (PE).
A substance in hops has been found to neutralize a bacterial toxin believed to cause stomach cancer, Japanese researchers recently announced.