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Any of a group of pigments, especially one having the formula C55H74MgN4O6, that absorb light energy used in photosynthesis and that are found in photosynthetic bacteria that do not produce oxygen as a byproduct of photosynthesis.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.bacteriochlorophyll - a substance in photosensitive bacteria that is related to but different from chlorophyll of higher plants
pigment - dry coloring material (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint, etc.)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
In type II reaction center proteins, the absorption of light initiates a vectorial [e.sup.-]-transport, that is, an electron is transferred from the specially organized chlorophyll or bacteriochlorophyll type primary [e.sup.-]-donor (P) to quinone (Q) acceptor molecules through redox active cofactor pigments (for review, see, e.g., [1, 38-40]).
Absorber Method [lambda] Sample (nm) volume Allura red dye, Congo red LCW CRDS 532 <1 [micro]L Malachite green LJ CRDS 628 150 mL Benzene NICUV-CES 450-650 NA Alexa Fluor dye NICUV-CES 400-700 2.7 mL Brilliant blue dye NICUV-CRDS 630 NA Rhodamine 6G NICUV-CRDS 500-600 ~3 mL Quinalizarin BRCUV-CRDS 470 10 [micro]L Benzene BRCUV-CRDS 580-660 NA Crystal violet LF-CRDS 532 12 [micro]L Bacteriochlorophyll LF-CRDS 783 few mL [Cu.sup.2+], indigo carmine LF-CRDS 620-670 10 [micro]L Methylene blue LF-CRDS 655 60 mL Sudan black, methylene blue LF-CRDS 450-700 100 mL Tartrazine FG-CRDS 405 100 nL Tartrazine FG-CRDS 405 6 nL Rhodamine FG-CRDS 532 19 nL Permanganate ion FG-CRDS 532 130 nL Ferrozine complex LCW 562 300 [micro]L Bromothymol blue LCW 613 1 [micro]L Absorber Min.
Shamah explained the technology behind Tookad: Tookad was first synthesized in Scherz's lab from bacteriochlorophyll, the photosynthetic pigment of a type of aquatic bacteria that draw their energy supply from sunlight.
Direct evidence of long-lived quantum coherence was obtained by studying the Fenna-Matthews-Olson (FMO) bacteriochlorophyll complex, that acts as an energy 'wire' capable of connecting the chlorosome light-harvesting antenna to the reaction center where the plant converts photons to usable energy.
Photodynamics of the bacteriochlorophyll-carotenoid system, 2: influence of central metal, solvent and P-carotene on photobleaching of bacteriochlorophyll derivatives.