It is an opportunistic pathogen which can cause meningitis, bactermia or both and is a multi-drug resistant organism.1 Acinetobacter species are short Gram negative rods, measuring in size from 1.0 to 2.5um.
These biofilms play an important role in spreading blood stream infections because of their ability to cover the surface of medical devices.3 Acinetobacter species also cause nosocomial pneumonia, skin and soft tissue infections, meningitis, bactermia and urinary tract infections.4
reported that the mean incidence of anaerobic bactermia
at the Mayo Clinic increased by 74% from 1993 to 2004.
due to percutaneous intravascular devices.
Clinical outcomes and costs due to Staphylococcus aureus bactermia among patients receiving long-term hemodialysis.
EPIBACDIAL: A multicenter prospective study of risk factors for bactermia in chronic hemodialysis patients.
This could be directly due to periodontal pathogens or their products on endothelial cell via transient bactermia
or indirectly due to products of the inflammatory response. Also, increased levels of serum tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) have been related to increased cardiovascular risk. The effect of treatment on tPA has not been reported in the literature.
Rapid diagnosis of bactermia
by universal amplification of 23S ribosomal DNA followed by hybridization to an oligonucleotide array.
One of the infectious complications is bactermia
. Sources include mucositis, lungs, and central venous catheters.
One infant was found to have bactermia
([alpha]-hemolytic streptococci); three others were treated for presumed sepsis.