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In British English, both these words refer to the bags and suitcases that you take with you when you travel, together with their contents. Luggage is more common than baggage.
In American English, luggage refers to empty bags and suitcases. Baggage refers to bags and suitcases with their contents.
Both these words are uncountable nouns. Don't talk about 'luggages' or 'a baggage'.
|Noun||1.||baggage - cases used to carry belongings when traveling|
suitcase, traveling bag, travelling bag, grip, bag - a portable rectangular container for carrying clothes; "he carried his small bag onto the plane with him"
case - a portable container for carrying several objects; "the musicians left their instrument cases backstage"
dressing case - a small piece of luggage for carrying brushes and bottles and toilet articles while traveling
handgrip, handle, grip, hold - the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it; "he grabbed the hammer by the handle"; "it was an old briefcase but it still had a good grip"
hand luggage - luggage that is light enough to be carried by hand
hatbox - a round piece of luggage for carrying hats
imperial - a piece of luggage carried on top of a coach
satchel - luggage consisting of a small case with a flat bottom and (usually) a shoulder strap
strap - an elongated leather strip (or a strip of similar material) for binding things together or holding something in position
trunk - luggage consisting of a large strong case used when traveling or for storage
|2.||baggage - a worthless or immoral woman|
|3.||baggage - the portable equipment and supplies of an army|
impedimenta - the baggage and equipment carried by an army
baggage car N (US) → furgón m de equipajes
baggage check N → talón m de equipaje
baggage (check)room N (US) → consigna f
baggage handler N → despachador(a) m/f de equipaje
baggage locker N → consigna f automática
baggage (re)claim N → recogida f de equipaje
baggage train N → tren m de equipajes
ideological baggage → bagage m idéologique
He's got too much emotional baggage → Son fardeau émotionnel est trop lourd., Son fardeau émotionnel est trop lourd à porter.baggage allowance n → franchise f de bagages, poids m de bagages autorisébaggage car (US) n → fourgon mbaggage carousel n (at airport) → tapis m roulant à bagagesbaggage check n (US) (= receipt) → bulletin m de consignebaggage checkroom n (US) → consigne fbaggage hall n (at airport) → livraison f des bagagesbaggage handler n (at airport) → bagagiste mbaggage handling n (at airport) → acheminement m des bagagesbaggage reclaim n (at airport) → livraison f des bagagesbaggage screening n (at airport) → contrôle m des bagages