bahuvrihi


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ba·hu·vri·hi

 (bŭ′ho͞o-vrē′hē)
n. pl. ba·hu·vri·his
A compound word functioning as an adjective whose last element is in origin a noun. For example, in the phrase high-fiber diet, the compound high-fiber is a bahuvrihi modifying diet that ends in the noun fiber.

[Sanskrit bahuvrīhiḥ, having much rice (an example of the type) : bahu-, much + vrīhiḥ, rice.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

bahuvrihi

(ˌbɑːhuːˈvriːhiː)
n
1. (Linguistics) a class of compound words consisting of two elements the first of which is a specific feature of the second
2. (Linguistics) a compound word of this type, such as hunchback, bluebell, highbrow
[C19: from Sanskrit bahuvrīhi, itself this type of compound, from bahu much + vrīh rice]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
References in periodicals archive ?
Another attempt that has elucidated the role of metonymy, specifically in the semantics of selected English and Spanish bahuvrihi compounds is made by Barcelona (2008).
The two possibilities are Tatpurusa (dependent determinative: "artha of a person") and Bahuvrihi (possessive or exocentric: "[an object or act] whose artha is a person"), with the added possibility that in its usage in Mimamsa it may be what the grammarians call Nityasamasa.
(23) Here if the word padaprakrti is explained etymologically as a bahuvrihi compound (padani prakrtih yashya sa).
Section 5 contains subsections on the forms of the names: names with one component (5.1), two components (5.2), divided into types of compounds according to the Indie classification (5.2.1, 5.2.2); then names containing a substantive plus a verbal noun (5.2.3); (2) dvandvas (5.2.4), e.g., Sad-farrox 'happy (and) fortunate'; names made by inversion (5.2.5), e.g, the "inverse bahuvrihi" A[gamma]at-farn '(to whom) fortune has come' (see on no.
Without a doubt, we can only say that these were compound words such as Bahuvrihi, for example, Gothic waira-leiks courageous is interpreted as 'the one that has a man's behavior'.
"Exocentric compounds", two quite different groups are taken together, the bahuvrihi type and the Governing compounds.
In Ancient Greek and Latin compounds -mostly, exocentric ('bahuvrihi') compoundswere often formed with an -i- : argipus [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] 'who has rapid [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] feet [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] kydianeira [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.] 'glorious', lit.
Un tel compose aurait ete secondairement pris pour un double bahuvrihi (<< dont la main tient le foudre >>).
Antonio Barcelona investigates the semantics of bahuvrihi compounds in "The conceptual motivation of bahuvrihi compounds in English and Spanish".
The types Bauer posits, on the basis of data from about fifty typologically diverse languages, are bahuvrihi, exocentric synthetic, transpositional exocentric, exocentric co-compounds and metaphorical exocentric compounds.
(15) The translation of the compound should therefore be 'having horses that besprinkle/bathe themselves' (bahuvrihi) and not 'sprinkling/bathing the horses'.