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also ban·ian  (băn′yən)
A tropical Indian fig tree (Ficus benghalensis), often widely spreading because of the many aerial roots that descend from the branches and develop into additional trunks. It is planted for ornament and shade.

[Short for banyan tree, merchants' tree, from Portuguese banian, Hindu merchant, from Gujarati vāṇiyo, from Sanskrit vāṇijaḥ; see wen- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈbænjən) or


1. (Plants) a moraceous tree, Ficus benghalensis, of tropical India and the East Indies, having aerial roots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
2. (Anthropology & Ethnology) a member of the Hindu merchant caste of N and W India
3. (Clothing & Fashion) a loose-fitting shirt, jacket, or robe, worn originally in India
[C16: from Hindi baniyā, from Sanskrit vānija merchant]


(ˈbæn yən)

an East Indian fig tree, Ficus benghalensis, of the mulberry family, having branches that send out adventitious roots to the ground and sometimes cause the tree to spread over a wide area.
[1590–1600; < Portuguese (perhaps < Arabic) < Gujarati vāṇiyo member of the merchant caste; allegedly after a particular tree of the species near which merchants had built a booth]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.banyan - East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunksbanyan - East Indian tree that puts out aerial shoots that grow down into the soil forming additional trunks
fig tree - any moraceous tree of the tropical genus Ficus; produces a closed pear-shaped receptacle that becomes fleshy and edible when mature
2.banyan - a loose fitting jacketbanyan - a loose fitting jacket; originally worn in India
jacket - a short coat
شَجَرَةُ الأثاب: تينُ البِغال
indiai fügeindiai fügefa
bengalinis fikusas
banianfigowiec bengalski
Hint inciri

banyan (tree)

nBengalische Feige, Banyan m


(ˈbӕnjən) noun
a tree that grows on wet land, with branches that have hanging roots that grow down and start new trunks.
References in classic literature ?
It permits or constrains the formation of new acquaintances and the reception of new influences that prove of the first importance to the next years; and the man or woman who would have remained a sunny garden-flower, with no room for its roots and too much sunshine for its head, by the falling of the walls and the neglect of the gardener is made the banian of the forest, yielding shade and fruit to wide neighborhoods of men.
Weight-was recorded in shorts and Banians with a digital weighing machine.