barbiturate


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Related to barbiturate: barbiturate coma, barbiturate poisoning

bar·bi·tu·rate

 (bär-bĭch′ər-ĭt, -ə-rāt′, bär-bĭch′ə-wĭt)
n.
Any of a group of barbituric acid derivatives that act as central nervous system depressants and are used as sedatives or hypnotics.

barbiturate

(bɑːˈbɪtjʊrɪt; -ˌreɪt)
n
(Medicine) a derivative of barbituric acid, such as phenobarbital, used in medicine as a sedative, hypnotic, or anticonvulsant

bar•bi•tu•rate

(bɑrˈbɪtʃ ər ɪt, -əˌreɪt; ˌbɑr bɪˈtʊər ɪt, -eɪt, -ˈtyʊər-)

n.
any of a group of barbituric acid derivatives, used in medicine as sedatives and hypnotics.
[1925–30]

bar·bi·tu·rate

(bär-bĭch′ər-ĭt)
Any of a group of drugs that reduce the activity of the nervous system and are used as sedatives. Barbiturates are highly addictive.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.barbiturate - organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
amobarbital - a barbiturate with sedative and hypnotic effects; used to relieve insomnia and as an anticonvulsant
barbital, barbitone, diethylbarbituric acid, diethylmalonylurea, veronal - a barbiturate used as a hypnotic
Mebaral, mephobarbital - a long-acting crystalline barbiturate (trade name Mebaral) used as a sedative and as an anticonvulsant in the treatment of epilepsy
Nembutal, pentobarbital, pentobarbital sodium, yellow jacket - a barbiturate (trade name Nembutal) used as a sedative and hypnotic and antispasmodic
red devil, secobarbital, secobarbital sodium, Seconal - barbiturate that is a white odorless slightly bitter powder (trade name Seconal) used as a sodium salt for sedation and to treat convulsions
sedative-hypnotic, sedative-hypnotic drug - a sedative that depresses activity of the central nervous system and reduces anxiety and induces sleep
Luminal, phenobarbital, phenobarbitone, sodium thiopental, purple heart - a long-acting barbiturate used as a sedative
Pentothal, thiopental, thiopental sodium, thiopentobarbital sodium - barbiturate that is a hygroscopic powder (trade name Pentothal) that is a strong barbiturate that acts rapidly; induces a relaxed state when injected as a general anesthetic
Translations
barbituraatti
barbituricobarbiturato
精神安定剤
바르비투르 산염

barbiturate

[bɑːˈbɪtjʊrɪt] Nbarbitúrico m

barbiturate

[bɑːrˈbɪtjərɪt] n (= drug) → barbiturique m

barbiturate

nSchlafmittel nt, → Barbiturat nt; a barbiturate overdoseeine Überdosis an Schlafmitteln

barbiturate

[bɑːˈbɪtjʊrɪt] nbarbiturico

bar·bi·tu·rate

n. barbitúrico, hipnótico, sedante.

barbiturate

n barbitúrico
References in periodicals archive ?
The prisoner alleged that his executioners lacked the requisite proficiency in establishing and maintaining an IV line capable of introducing all of the barbiturate necessary to successfully produce his unconsciousness.
Their wide, safety range between effective and lethal doses led to near elimination of barbiturate use for insomnia.
Luke's Episcopal Hospital in Houston, TX, drafted a policy for the treatment and care of patients undergoing barbiturate therapy.
What meat had the eagles eaten and how had it become contaminated with the barbiturate? Since each living organism has a characteristic protein pattern, a careful analysis of the meat proteins was carried out.
Dental management of barbiturate abusers may be complicated by altered drug metabolism, hepatitis B and C, sexually transmitted disease, epilepsy, maxillofacial injuries, tetanus, and HIV infection.
The present experiments extended our previous findings by using a barbiturate, pentobarbital, as the anxiolytic along with some of the putative antagonists that had been effective in our previous experiments.
But, says public interest law professor John Banzhaf, there's an easier way to administer lethal drugs which avoids the problems caused by injecting them - simply switch to lethal barbiturate pills, of the type used in “Death With Dignity” states.
Word "barbiturate" is based on the combination of the words Barbara and urea [7].
1962: Marilyn Monroe, below, died alone in her bedroom from "acute barbiturate poisoning".
Traces of a barbiturate found in sleeping pills were found in his system and his mobile phone and a wad of cash were missing.
1962: Marilyn Monroe died alone in her bedroom from 'acute barbiturate poisoning'.
Acute tolerance appears to occur significantly earlier than does the induction of microsomal enzymes in response to a single dose of barbiturate. The acute tolerance develops without a change in blood level of drug.