barnacle


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Related to barnacle: goose barnacle

bar·na·cle

 (bär′nə-kəl)
n.
1. Any of various marine crustaceans of the subclass Cirripedia that in the adult stage form a hard shell which remains attached to submerged surfaces such as rocks and ships' hulls, and that have feathery appendages used for filter feeding.
2. The barnacle goose.

[Middle English, barnacle goose, from Old French bernacle, from Medieval Latin bernacula, diminutive of bernaca, of unknown origin.]

bar′na·cled adj.
Word History: The word barnacle is known from as far back as the early 13th century. At that time it did not refer to the crustacean, as it does today, but only to the species of waterfowl now more often known as the barnacle goose; more than 300 years went by before barnacle was used to refer to the crustacean. One might well wonder what the connection between these two creatures is. The answer lies in natural history. Until fairly recent times, it was widely believed that certain animals were engendered spontaneously from particular substances. Maggots, for instance, were believed to be generated from rotting meat. Because the barnacle goose breeds in the Arctic, no one at that time had ever witnessed the bird breeding; as a result, it was thought to be spontaneously generated from trees along the shore, or from rotting wood. Wood that has been in the ocean for any length of time is often dotted with barnacles, and it was natural for people to believe that the crustaceans were also engendered directly from the wood, like the geese. In fact, as different as the two creatures might appear to us, they share a similar trait: barnacles have long feathery cirri that are reminiscent of a bird's plumage. This led one writer in 1678 to comment on the "multitudes of little Shells; having within them little Birds perfectly shap'd, supposed to be Barnacles [that is, barnacle geese]." In popular conception the two creatures were thus closely linked. Over time the crustacean became the central referent of the word, and the bird was called the barnacle goose for clarity, making barnacle goose an early example of what we now call a retronym.

barnacle

(ˈbɑːnəkəl)
n
1. (Animals) any of various marine crustaceans of the subclass Cirripedia that, as adults, live attached to rocks, ship bottoms, etc. They have feathery food-catching cirri protruding from a hard shell. See acorn barnacle, goose barnacle
2. a person or thing that is difficult to get rid of
[C16: related to Late Latin bernicla, of obscure origin]
ˈbarnacled adj

bar•na•cle

(ˈbɑr nə kəl)

n.
1. any marine crustacean of the subclass Cirripedia, having a shell made up of separate plates, being either stalked (goose barnacle) and attaching itself to ship bottoms and floating timber, or stalkless (rock barnacle).
2. one that clings tenaciously.
[1580–85; perhaps a conflation of barnacle barnacle goose with Cornish brennyk limpet (or Celtic cognates)]
bar′na•cled, adj.

bar·na·cle

(bär′nə-kəl)
Any of various small, hard-shelled crustaceans that live in the ocean and attach themselves to underwater objects, such as rocks and the bottoms of ships.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.barnacle - marine crustaceans with feathery food-catching appendagesbarnacle - marine crustaceans with feathery food-catching appendages; free-swimming as larvae; as adults form a hard shell and live attached to submerged surfaces
crustacean - any mainly aquatic arthropod usually having a segmented body and chitinous exoskeleton
acorn barnacle, Balanus balanoides, rock barnacle - barnacle that attaches to rocks especially in intertidal zones
goose barnacle, gooseneck barnacle, Lepas fascicularis - stalked barnacle that attaches to ship bottoms or floating timbers
2.barnacle - European goose smaller than the brantbarnacle - European goose smaller than the brant; breeds in the far north
goose - web-footed long-necked typically gregarious migratory aquatic birds usually larger and less aquatic than ducks
Branta, genus Branta - wild geese
Translations
vilejš stvolnatý
rur
kacsakagyló
hrúîurkarl
polipas
jūraspīlīte
fúzonôžka
yapışıkça

barnacle

[ˈbɑːnəkl] Npercebe m

barnacle

[ˈbɑːrnɪkəl] n (= shellfish) → anatife m, bernache fbarn conversion n
(= building project) → aménagement m d'une grange
(= building) → grange f aménagéebarn dance n
(= event) → bal m campagnard
(particular dance)danse f paysannebarn owl n (= bird) → chouette-effraie f

barnacle

n
(= shellfish)(Rankenfuß)krebs m, → Rankenfüßer m
(fig, = person) → Klette f (inf)

barnacle

[ˈbɑːnəkl] ncirripede m

barnacle

(ˈbaːnəkl) noun
a kind of small shellfish that sticks to rocks and the bottoms of ships.
References in classic literature ?
If the agricultural person with the hair will kindly shut his head, the sea-green barnacle with the wall-eye may perhaps condescend to enlighten us.
Come back here and read it out loud, you old barnacle.
It stuck to the premises of Gruff and Tackleton, like a barnacle to a ship's keel, or a snail to a door, or a little bunch of toadstools to the stem of a tree.
I was sick for a couple of days, meanly sick, and my arms were painfully poisoned from the barnacle scratches.
By all the rules of the game the referee should have broken it, but he did not, and Danny clung on like a surf-battered barnacle and moment by moment recuperated.
Above us floated products of all kinds, heaped up among these brownish plants; trunks of trees torn from the Andes or the Rocky Mountains, and floated by the Amazon or the Mississippi; numerous wrecks, remains of keels, or ships' bottoms, side-planks stove in, and so weighted with shells and barnacles that they could not again rise to the surface.
See the weeds she trails along with her, and what an unsightly bunch of those horrid barnacles has formed about her stern-piece; and every time she rises on a sea, she shows her copper torn away, or hanging in jagged strips.
When she drydocked ot Portland, there was whuskers on her a foot long, barnacles the size o' me fust, oysters like young sauce plates.
In among the ships they went, by the wharves where the water was green and still, and queer barnacles grew on the slippery piles.
If I might offer any apology for so exaggerated a fiction as the Barnacles and the Circumlocution Office, I would seek it in the common experience of an Englishman, without presuming to mention the unimportant fact of my having done that violence to good manners, in the days of a Russian war, and of a Court of Inquiry at Chelsea.
This barnacle covered object was at first mistaken for a carcass when it was spotted off the Isles of Scilly.
Sea Turtle's Lament: Barnacle, o barnacle, / where'd you come from, barnacle?