Keeling Island -- Singular appearance -- Scanty Flora -- Transport of Seeds -- Birds and Insects -- Ebbing and flowing Springs -- Fields of dead Coral -- Stones transported in the roots of Trees -- Great Crab -- Stinging Corals -- Coral eating Fish -- Coral Formations -- Lagoon Islands, or Atolls -- Depth at which reef-building Corals can live -- Vast Areas interspersed with low Coral Islands -- Subsidence of their foundations -- Barrier Reefs
-- Fringing Reefs -- Conversion of Fringing Reefs into Barrier Reefs
, and into Atolls -- Evidence of changes in Level -- Breaches in Barrier Reefs
-- Maldiva Atolls, their peculiar structure -- Dead and submerged Reefs -- Areas of subsidence and elevation -- Distribution of Volcanoes -- Subsidence slow, and vast in amount
Boosting the Great Barrier Reefs resilience so it can withstand the increasing pressures from climate change and other threats is more critical than ever, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority Chairman Dr Russell Reichelt said.
Australias leading research organisations will unite to design ways to build resilience and repair the global icon, the Great Barrier Reef, following todays Federal Government announcement of $60 million for measures aimed at protecting the Great Barrier Reef.
Depending on their size, barrier reefs
and atolls can take from 100,000 to 30 million years to fully form.
Mongin's team used carbon, salinity and temperature data and simulations to estimate aragonite levels across the Great Barrier Reefs
3,581 individual reefs.
East of the islands, one of the largest barrier reefs
in the world parallels the entire 175-mile-long country.
are separated from land by wide deep lagoons.
Darwin recognised three main types of reef -- fringing reefs, barrier reefs
, and atolls -- and his classifications are still widely used today.
Protected by barrier reefs
, the smooth Southwestern shore stretches for more than 10 unbroken miles, while the island's Eastern shore offers ideal beachcombing conditions with a more rugged edge facing the Atlantic waters.
The country's primary attractions are its rain forests, wildlife such as jaguars, one of the two best barrier reefs
in the world and Mayan ruins that are more than 4,000 years old.
However, Bettinas work involves analysing the Great Barrier Reefs
microbes which are driving the health and survival of the reef.
AIMS, CSIRO and Great Barrier Marine Park Authority have a long history of working together in the Great Barrier Reef
World Heritage Area.