basal metabolism


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basal metabolism

n. Abbr. BM
The minimum amount of energy required to maintain vital functions in an organism at complete rest, measured by the basal metabolic rate in a fasting individual who is awake and resting in a comfortably warm environment.

basal metabolism

n
(Physiology) the amount of energy required by an individual in the resting state, for such functions as breathing and circulation of the blood. See basal metabolic rate

ba′sal metab′olism


n.
the minimal amount of energy necessary to maintain respiration, circulation, and other vital body functions while fasting and at total rest.
[1910–15]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.basal metabolism - the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state
metabolic process, metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
Translations

basal metabolism

nGrundumsatz m

ba·sal me·tab·o·lism

n. metabolismo basal.
References in periodicals archive ?
So they have a smaller increase in basal metabolism and therefore accumulate the extra calories as additional fat with a longer period of increasing weight (8).
The analysed variables were body mass index (kg [m.sup.-2]), waist circumference (cm), basal metabolism (kcal), body fat percentage (%), fat mass (kg), fat free mass percentage (%) and lean body mass (kg).
The moderately oxidized LDL is not providing the onset of foam cell formation but is inhibiting basal metabolism. High oxLDL and the Intracel oxLDL provided the clearest peak height increases, but with great biological variation causing an increase in standard error.
Our BMR basal metabolism rate is the amount of energy used daily at rest.
The differences between treatments regarding the mean C[O.sub.2] PR (2.9 and 3.3 mL/min/[kg.sup.0.75] for the day and the night, respectively) and the minimal C[O.sub.2] PR (2.3 and 2.7 mL/min/[kg.sup.0.75] for the day and the night, respectively) suggested that the decrease in heat production caused by the NLPs mainly resulted from a lowered basal metabolism. The differences between day and night regarding the mean C[O.sub.2] PR (3.1 and 3.5 mL/min/[kg.sup.0.75] for the control and the treated groups, respectively) and the minimal C[O.sub.2] PR (1.1 and 1.5 mL/min/[kg.sup.0.75] for the control and the treated groups, respectively) suggested that the lowered basal metabolism contributed to only small portion of the difference in the mean C[O.sub.2] PR between day and night.
What's weird, Hatton says, is that the relative rate of predator growth to prey growth observes the same 3A power law that physiologists use to estimate some relationships at just the species level, such as how basal metabolism changes with a species' body size.
What will it take for you to reduce fat to muscle mass proportion in order to get your Basal Metabolism Index high and help you burn calories even while you are sitting?
Basal metabolism: The modern measure of vital activity.
The present study showed that the patients with HT had not only higher .body mass and BMI, but also significantly higher fat mass in comparison with the healthy individuals, however free fat body mass, muscle mass, as well as estimated rate of basal metabolism were comparable in these two groups.
L-ornithine is an amino acid that is used to build muscle by stimulating protein synthesis through the enhancement of growth hormone secretion and to assist weight loss by increasing the basal metabolism. It is also known that L-ornithine has the ability to enhance immunity, liver function, and antifatigue.
Kyowa Hakko U.S.A., Inc., New York, NY, has completed GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe) self-affirmation for the amino acid L-Ornithine, which is used to build muscle by stimulating protein synthesis through the enhancement of growth hormone secretion and to assist weight loss by increasing the basal metabolism. It is also known that L-ornithine has the ability to enhance immunity, liver function and anti-fatigue.