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plan of the 4th-century ad
St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy
A. apse
B. transept
C. nave
D. aisles
E. narthex
F. atrium


a. A public building of ancient Rome having a central nave with an apse at one or both ends and two side aisles formed by rows of columns, which was used as a courtroom or assembly hall.
b. A Christian church building of a similar design, having a nave with a semicircular apse, two or four side aisles, a narthex, and a clerestory.
2. Roman Catholic Church A church that has been accorded certain privileges by the pope.

[Latin, from Greek basilikē, from feminine of basilikos, royal, from basileus, king.]

ba·sil′i·can (-kən) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.basilican - of or relating to or resembling a basilicabasilican - of or relating to or resembling a basilica