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An aromatic gum resin similar to myrrh, produced by certain Asian and African shrubs or trees of the genus Commiphora.

[Middle English, from Latin, from Greek bdellion, variant of bdolkhon, of Semitic origin; akin to Akkadian budulḫu.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Plants) any of several African or W Asian trees of the burseraceous genus Commiphora that yield a gum resin
2. (Plants) the aromatic gum resin, similar to myrrh, produced by any of these trees
[C16: from Latin, from Greek bdellion, perhaps from Hebrew bědhōlah]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈdɛl i əm, -yəm)

1. a fragrant gum resin obtained from plants of the bursera family, as of the genus Commiphora.
2. a plant yielding this resin.
[< Latin < Greek bdéllion, probably < Semitic]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.bdellium - aromatic gum resin; similar to myrrh
gum resin - a mixture of resin and gum
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
"When we are apart I always imagine your face as a face of gold, with eyes and teeth of bdellium, or chalcedony, or agate, or any wonderful unknown stones of appropriate colors."
wightii is commonly known as guggul in Hindi and Indian myrrh or Indian bdellium in English.
Note that the same passage (SK 1.5.1-2) lists several other materials likely used in the bath: bdellium (guggulu), yellow orpiment (rocana), seeds (sarvabija), and jewels (sarvaratna), honey and ghee (madhusarpist).
bdellium), a parasitic species with higher myomere counts (range: 53-62, mean = 56.9; Hubbs & Trautman 1937).
Prominent shrubs include Calotropis procera (Milk weed), Ziziphus nummularia (Ziziphus), Euphorbia neriifolia (Euphorbia), Commiphora wightii (Indian Bdellium) and Capparis decidua (Caperberry).
Orlando, FL, July 04, 2015 --( Bdellium Tools brushes are expertly designed professional makeup tools.
Is bdellium a tree, an element, or a fossil shrimp?
401(k) Advisors Intermountain produces customized plan optimization reports for its clients, using a tool from its broker/dealer (B/D), LPL Financial, that utilizes software from Bdellium Inc.