short(redirected from be caught short)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia.
adj. short•er, short•est,
adv., n., v. adj.
short shortly briefly
Short is an adjective. You usually use it to say that something does not last for a long time.
Shortly is an adverb. If something is going to happen shortly, it is going to happen soon. This is a slightly old-fashioned use.
If something happened shortly after something else, it happened soon after it.
Don't use 'shortly' to say that something lasts or is done for a short time. Don't say, for example, 'She told them shortly what had happened'. Use briefly.
|Noun||1.||short - the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed|
baseball diamond, infield, diamond - the area of a baseball field that is enclosed by 3 bases and home plate
|2.||short - accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference|
circuit, electric circuit, electrical circuit - an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow
|3.||short - the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base|
position - (in team sports) the role assigned to an individual player; "what position does he play?"
baseball team - a team that plays baseball
|Verb||1.||short - cheat someone by not returning him enough money|
|2.||short - create a short circuit in|
|Adj.||1.||short - primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration; "a short life"; "a short flight"; "a short holiday"; "a short story"; "only a few short months"|
long - primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified; "a long life"; "a long boring speech"; "a long time"; "a long friendship"; "a long game"; "long ago"; "an hour long"
|2.||short - (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length; "short skirts"; "short hair"; "the board was a foot short"; "a short toss"|
long - primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified; "a long road"; "a long distance"; "contained many long words"; "ten miles long"
|3.||short - low in stature; not tall; "he was short and stocky"; "short in stature"; "a short smokestack"; "a little man"|
low - literal meanings; being at or having a relatively small elevation or upward extension; "low ceilings"; "low clouds"; "low hills"; "the sun is low"; "low furniture"; "a low bow"
tall - great in vertical dimension; high in stature; "tall people"; "tall buildings"; "tall trees"; "tall ships"
|4.||short - not sufficient to meet a need; "an inadequate income"; "a poor salary"; "money is short"; "on short rations"; "food is in short supply"; "short on experience"|
|5.||short - (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range; "a short memory"|
|6.||short - not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices; "a short sale"; "short in cotton"|
finance - the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
long - holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices; "is long on coffee"; "a long position in gold"
|7.||short - of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration; "the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short"|
phonetics - the branch of acoustics concerned with speech processes including its production and perception and acoustic analysis
long - (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration; "the English vowel sounds in `bate', `beat', `bite', `boat', `boot' are long"
|8.||short - less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so; "a light pound"; "a scant cup of sugar"; "regularly gives short weight"|
|9.||short - lacking foresight or scope; "a short view of the problem"; "shortsighted policies"; "shortsighted critics derided the plan"; "myopic thinking"|
improvident - not provident; not providing for the future
|10.||short - tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening; "shortbread is a short crumbly cookie"; "a short flaky pie crust"|
breakable - capable of being broken or damaged; "earthenware pottery is breakable"; "breakable articles should be packed carefully"
|11.||short - marked by rude or peremptory shortness; "try to cultivate a less brusque manner"; "a curt reply"; "the salesgirl was very short with him"|
discourteous - showing no courtesy; rude; "a distant and at times discourteous young"
|Adv.||1.||short - quickly and without warning; "he stopped suddenly"|
|2.||short - without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold; "he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash"|
finance - the branch of economics that studies the management of money and other assets
|3.||short - clean across; "the car's axle snapped short"|
|4.||short - at some point or distance before a goal is reached; "he fell short of our expectations"|
|5.||short - so as to interrupt; "She took him up short before he could continue"|
|6.||short - at a disadvantage; "I was caught short"|
|7.||short - in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner; "he told me curtly to get on with it"; "he talked short with everyone"; "he said shortly that he didn't like it"|
brief long, extended, long-term
concise long, prolonged, lengthy, rambling, diffuse, long-winded, wordy, long-drawn-out, verbose, unabridged
small big, tall, lofty, lanky
abrupt civil, polite, courteous
the shortest route → la ruta más corta
February is a short month → febrero es un mes corto
it was a great holiday, but too short → fueron unas vacaciones estupendas, pero demasiado cortas
she's quite short → es bastante baja
the short answer is that → en pocas palabras la razón es que ...
to have a short back and sides → llevar el pelo corto por detrás y por los lados
a short break → un pequeño descanso
the days are getting shorter → los días se vuelven más cortos
time is getting shorter → nos queda poco tiempo
to win by a short head (Racing) → ganar por una cabeza escasa
to be short in the leg [person] → tener las piernas cortas
these trousers are a bit short in the leg → estos pantalones tienen la pierna algo pequeña
at short notice → con poco tiempo de antelación
in short order → en breve, en seguida
to take short steps → dar pequeños pasos
in the short term → a corto plazo
a short time ago → hace poco
to work short time; be on short time (Ind) → trabajar una jornada reducida
to take a short walk → dar un paseo corto
a short way off → a poca distancia, no muy lejos
a few short words → algunas palabritas
that was short and sweet → eso fue corto y bueno
to make short work of sth → despachar algo
I'm £3 short → me faltan 3 libras
it's two kilos short → faltan dos kilos
bananas are very short → escasean los plátanos, casi no hay plátanos
I'm a bit short at the moment → en este momento ando un poco corto or escaso de dinero
to be short of sth → andar falto or escaso de algo
we're short of petrol → andamos escasos de gasolina
we're not short of volunteers → se han ofrecido muchos voluntarios, no andamos escasos de voluntarios
to be short of breath → estar sin aliento
to give sb short change → no darle el cambio completo a algn
to give short measure to sb → dar de menos a algn
gold is in short supply → escasea el oro, hay escasez de oro
short ton (US) (= 2,000lb) → tonelada f corta
to give short weight to sb → dar de menos a algn
short of (= less than) short of blowing it up → a menos que lo volemos, a no ser que lo volemos
short of murder I'll do anything → lo haré todo menos matar
not far short of £100 → poco menos de 100 libras
it's little short of madness → dista poco de la locura
nothing short of total surrender → nada menos que la rendición incondicional
it's nothing short of robbery → es nada menos que un robo
nothing short of a bomb would stop him → fuera de una bomba nada le impediría
nothing short of a miracle can save him → sólo un milagro le puede salvar, se necesitaría un milagro para salvarle
short and to the point → corto y bueno
"Pat" is short for "Patricia" → "Patricia" se abrevia en "Pat"
Rosemary is called "Rose" for short → a Rosemary le dicen "Rose" para abreviar
"TV" is short for "television" → "TV" es abreviatura de "televisión"
in short → en pocas palabras, en resumen
in short, the answer is no → en una palabra, la respuesta es no
see also long 1 C1
to have a short temper → ser de mal genio, tener mal genio or mal carácter or corto de genio
to be short with sb → tratar a algn con sequedad
to come short of → no alcanzar
to cut sth short → suspender algo
they had to cut short their holiday → tuvieron que interrumpir sus vacaciones
to fall short of → no alcanzar
to fall short of the target → no alcanzar el blanco, no llegar al blanco
to fall short of expectations → no cumplir las esperanzas
it falls far short of what we require → dista mucho de satisfacer nuestras exigencias
production has fallen short by 100 tons → la producción arroja un déficit de 100 toneladas
to go short of → pasarse sin
no one goes short in this house → en esta casa nadie padece hambre
we never went short (of anything) as children → no nos faltó nada de niños
we're running short of bread → tenemos poco pan, se nos acaba el pan (LAm)
we ran short of petrol → se nos acabó la gasolina, quedamos sin gasolina
to sell short → vender al descubierto
to sell sb short (lit) → engañar a algn en un negocio (fig) → menospreciar a algn
to stop short of (lit) → detenerse antes de llegar a
I'd stop short of murder (fig) → menos matar, haría lo que fuera
to be taken short → necesitar urgentemente ir al wáter
It was a great holiday, but too short → C'étaient des vacances super, mais trop courtes.
a short break (= pause) → une petite pause, une courte pause
a short time ago → il y a peu de temps
in the short term → à court terme short-term
at short notice → au dernier moment
a short walk → une petite promenade
a short skirt → une jupe courte
short hair → les cheveux courts
to be short with sb → être brusque avec qn, être sec avec qn(sèche)
to have a short temper → s'emporter facilement
Food is short
BUT Il n'y a pas assez de nourriture.
Time is short
BUT Il ne reste plus beaucoup de temps.
I'm three short → il m'en manque trois
to be in short supply → manquer, être difficile à trouver
to be short of sth → être à court de qch, manquer de qch
We're dreadfully short of staff at present → Nous manquons terriblement de personnel en ce moment.
I'm short of money → Je suis à court d'argent.
to be short of breath → être hors d'haleine
to be short on sth → manquer de qch
He was short on enthusiasm → Il manquait d'enthousiasme.
The proposals were short on detail
BUT Les propositions n'étaient pas assez détaillées.
to stop short → s'arrêter net
to stop short of doing sth → ne pas aller jusqu'à faire qch
to pull sb up short, to bring sb up short → couper qn dans son élan
to run short of sth → être presque à court de qch
We were running short of food → Nous étions presque à court de nourriture.
to go short of sth → manquer de qch
to fall short of sth → ne pas répondre à qch
to be caught short (British) to be taken short (British) → être pris(e) d'un besoin pressant
Inflation is just short of 11 per cent → L'inflation est juste en dessous de 11 pour cent.
to fall short of sth → tomber en dessous de qch
He stopped a hundred metres short of the building → Il s'est arrêté cent mètres avant le bâtiment.
the days are getting shorter → le giornate si stanno accorciando
to be short in the leg (person) → avere le gambe corte (trousers) → essere corti di gamba
to win by a short head (Racing) → vincere di mezza testa or incollatura
a short time ago → poco tempo fa
time is getting short → il tempo stringe
that was short and sweet → è stato sbrigativo
to make short work of sb (fig) → sistemare qn
to make short work of sth (job) → sbrigare qc (cake, drink) → far fuori qc
to give short weight or short measure to sb → imbrogliare qn sul peso or sulla misura
to be in short supply → scarseggiare
to be short of sth (money) → essere a corto di qc
I'm short of time → ho poco tempo
short of breath → senza fiato, con il fiatone
it's little short of madness → è pazzia bella e buona
three miles short of home → a tre miglia da casa
short and to the point → breve e conciso
"Pat" is short for "Patricia" → "Pat" è il diminutivo di "Patricia"
in short → in breve, a farla breve
I'd stop short of stealing → non arriverei mai a rubare
he wouldn't stop short of murder → arriverebbe al punto di uccidere
to pull up short → frenare bruscamente
we never went short (of anything) as children → da bambini non ci è mai mancato nulla
to come or fall short of (expectations) → venire meno a (needs) → non soddisfare
to sell sb short (fig) (belittle) → sminuire qn, buttar giù qn
to be taken or caught short (fam) → avere un bisognino urgente