Because restoration of degraded dune systems is occurring and likely to continue, we examined the occurrence of amphibians in drainages associated with a coastal dune ecosystem degraded by invasive plants (European Beachgrass
, Ammophila arenaria, and Iceplant, Carpobrotus edulis).
For example, when we reached the end of the dunes trail at the edge of the bunches of European beachgrass
, we set off straight ahead to reach the wet sand on the beach.
Tenders are invited for reconstructing the existing deteriorated breakwater; remove existing creosote lumber and install new greenheart framing and sheeting, and ipe decking; repairs to floating docks; re-drive mooring piles; install fill and beachgrass
on the coastal breakwater.
To support the return of natural sand dune movement and enhance habitat for the birds, the team implemented a plan to remove invasive vegetation, including European beachgrass
(Ammophila arenaria), iceplant (Carpobrotus edulis) and Sydney golden wattle (Acacia longifolia).
Mycorrhizae and succession in plantings of beachgrass
in sand dunes.
Caption: Above: Dogwood Bloom dinnerware with Beachfront drinkware and Beachgrass
wicker accents, from the Aerin by Lenox collection lenox.
Malutin from Kodiak, AK (Native Village of Afognak) - Furs, Fishskins & Beachgrass
The work also includes beachgrass
plantings and fencing.
Very little recorded change at erosion pins outside the blowout and noticeably less vigorous American beachgrass
on the dune ridge compared to foredune beachgrass
also indicated dune ridge stability.
Habitat associations of type walkeriana have been expanded, according to Sawyer and Keeler-Wolf (1995), to include coast live oak woodland, California annual grassland, dune lupine-goldenbush, introduced perennial grassland, and European beachgrass
series communities at 3-46 m elevations on soils of Baywood fine sands, active dune sands, and clay.
Current threats to seabeach amaranth restoration may be competing plants such as the nonnative Asiatic sand sedge (Carex kobomugi) and the native American beachgrass
460 near Princeton, West Virginia, where sprigs of Cape American beachgrass
(Ammorplzila bredviligulata) planted in 1970 thrived.