beef


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Related to beef: beef stew, beef Stroganoff

beef

 (bēf)
n. pl. beeves (bēvz) or beef
1.
a. A full-grown steer, bull, ox, or cow, especially one intended for use as meat.
b. The flesh of a slaughtered full-grown steer, bull, ox, or cow.
2. Informal Human muscle; brawn.
3. pl. beefs Slang A complaint.
intr.v. beefed, beef·ing, beefs Slang
To complain.
Phrasal Verb:
beef up Informal
To make or become greater or stronger: beef up the defense budget.

[Middle English, from Old French buef, from Latin bōs, bov-; see gwou- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: As has often been remarked, the great social disparities of medieval European society are revealed by the Modern English words for different sorts of meat. In medieval England, meats like beef, pork, veal, and mutton were presumably more often eaten by the educated and wealthy classes—most of whom could speak French or at least admired French culture—and the Modern English terms for these meats are uniformly of French origin. (The French sources of the English words are now spelled bœuf, porc, veau, and mouton, and the French words can refer both to the animal and to the meat it provides.) The English-speaking peasants who actually raised the animals—and who presumably subsisted on mostly vegetarian fare—continued to use the original Germanic words ox, swine, calf, and sheep when talking in the barnyard, and so the animals themselves have kept their native names to this day. One such Germanic word is actually related etymologically to its French counterpart. Cow comes from Old English cū, which is descended from the Indo-European root *gwou-, "cow." This root has descendants in most of the branches of the Indo-European language family. Among those descendants is the Latin word bōs, "cow," whose stem form, bov-, eventually became the Old French word buef, the source of English beef.

beef

(biːf)
npl beeves (biːvz) pl beefs
1. (Cookery) the flesh of various bovine animals, esp the cow, when killed for eating
2. (Breeds) an adult ox, bull, cow, etc, reared for its meat
3. informal human flesh, esp when muscular
4. a complaint
vb
5. (intr) slang to complain, esp repeatedly: he was beefing about his tax.
6. informal (often foll by: up) to strengthen; reinforce
[C13: from Old French boef, from Latin bōs ox; see cow1]

beef

(bif)

n., pl. beeves (bēvz) for 2; beefs for 4, n.
1. the flesh of a cow, steer, or bull raised and killed for its meat.
2. an adult cow, steer, or bull raised for its meat.
3. Informal.
a. brawn; muscular strength.
b. human flesh.
4. Slang. a complaint.
v.i.
5. Slang. to complain; grumble.
6. beef up, to add strength, numbers, force, etc., to.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French beof, Old French boef < Latin bovem, acc. of bōs ox, cow; akin to cow 1]

beef


Past participle: beefed
Gerund: beefing

Imperative
beef
beef
Present
I beef
you beef
he/she/it beefs
we beef
you beef
they beef
Preterite
I beefed
you beefed
he/she/it beefed
we beefed
you beefed
they beefed
Present Continuous
I am beefing
you are beefing
he/she/it is beefing
we are beefing
you are beefing
they are beefing
Present Perfect
I have beefed
you have beefed
he/she/it has beefed
we have beefed
you have beefed
they have beefed
Past Continuous
I was beefing
you were beefing
he/she/it was beefing
we were beefing
you were beefing
they were beefing
Past Perfect
I had beefed
you had beefed
he/she/it had beefed
we had beefed
you had beefed
they had beefed
Future
I will beef
you will beef
he/she/it will beef
we will beef
you will beef
they will beef
Future Perfect
I will have beefed
you will have beefed
he/she/it will have beefed
we will have beefed
you will have beefed
they will have beefed
Future Continuous
I will be beefing
you will be beefing
he/she/it will be beefing
we will be beefing
you will be beefing
they will be beefing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been beefing
you have been beefing
he/she/it has been beefing
we have been beefing
you have been beefing
they have been beefing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been beefing
you will have been beefing
he/she/it will have been beefing
we will have been beefing
you will have been beefing
they will have been beefing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been beefing
you had been beefing
he/she/it had been beefing
we had been beefing
you had been beefing
they had been beefing
Conditional
I would beef
you would beef
he/she/it would beef
we would beef
you would beef
they would beef
Past Conditional
I would have beefed
you would have beefed
he/she/it would have beefed
we would have beefed
you would have beefed
they would have beefed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.beef - cattle that are reared for their meatbeef - cattle that are reared for their meat
Bos taurus, cattle, cows, kine, oxen - domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age; "so many head of cattle"; "wait till the cows come home"; "seven thin and ill-favored kine"- Bible; "a team of oxen"
longhorn, Texas longhorn - long-horned beef cattle formerly common in southwestern United States
Santa Gertrudis - Brahman and shorthorn crossbreed of red cattle; hardy in hot regions
Aberdeen Angus, black Angus, Angus - black hornless breed from Scotland
Charolais - large white or cream-colored breed from France
shorthorn, Durham - English breed of short-horned cattle
Galloway - breed of hardy black chiefly beef cattle native to Scotland
Hereford, whiteface - hardy English breed of dairy cattle raised extensively in United States
beefalo, cattalo - hardy breed of cattle resulting from crossing domestic cattle with the American buffalo; yields leaner beef than conventional breeds
2.beef - meat from an adult domestic bovinebeef - meat from an adult domestic bovine  
Bos taurus, cattle, cows, kine, oxen - domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age; "so many head of cattle"; "wait till the cows come home"; "seven thin and ill-favored kine"- Bible; "a team of oxen"
meat - the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food
cut of beef - cut of meat from beef cattle
beef loin - cut of meat from a loin of beef
ground beef, hamburger - beef that has been ground
bully beef, corn beef, corned beef - beef cured or pickled in brine
pastrami - highly seasoned cut of smoked beef
3.beef - informal terms for objectingbeef - informal terms for objecting; "I have a gripe about the service here"
objection - the speech act of objecting
Verb1.beef - complainbeef - complain; "What was he hollering about?"
kvetch, plain, quetch, complain, sound off, kick - express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness; "My mother complains all day"; "She has a lot to kick about"

beef

(Slang)
noun
1. complaint, dispute, grievance, problem, grumble, criticism, objection, dissatisfaction, annoyance, grouse, gripe (informal), protestation, grouch (informal), remonstrance I really don't have a beef with Wayne.
verb
1. complain, carp, fuss, moan, bitch (slang), groan, grieve, lament, grumble, whine, growl, deplore, grouse, gripe (informal), bemoan, whinge (informal), bleat, find fault, bewail, kick up a fuss (informal), grouch (informal), bellyache (slang), kvetch (U.S. slang) She was beefing about what he had done.
beef something up strengthen, increase, build up, enhance, reinforce, intensify, heighten, bolster, augment, give a boost to a campaign to beef up security

beef

noun
1. Informal. Solid and well-developed muscles:
2. Slang. An expression of dissatisfaction or a circumstance regarded as a cause for such expression:
Informal: gripe, grouse.
Slang: kick.
Idiom: bone to pick.
verb
Slang. To express negative feelings, especially of dissatisfaction or resentment:
Informal: crab, gripe, grouse, kick.
Slang: bellyache, bitch.
phrasal verb
beef up
Translations
لـَحْم البَقَرلَحْم بَقَر
hovězí
oksekød
naudanliha
govedina
marhahús
nautakjöt
牛肉
쇠고기
jautienajautienoskaip jautienosraumeningas
liellopu gaļa
hovädzina
govedina
oxkött
เนื้อวัว
thịt bò

beef

[biːf]
A. N
1. (Culin) → carne f de vaca or (LAm) de res
roast beefrosbif m, carne f asada (LAm)
2. (= brawn) → músculos mpl
3. (esp US) (= complaint) → queja f
B. VI (= complain) → quejarse (about de)
C. CPD beef cattle Nganado m vacuno
beef olive N picadillo envuelto en una lonja de carne y cocinado en salsa
beef sausage Nsalchicha f de carne de vaca
beef tea Ncaldo m de carne (para enfermos)
beef up VT + ADV [+ essay, speech] → reforzar, fortalecer

beef

[ˈbiːf] n
(= meat) → bœuf m
roast beef → rosbif mrôti m de bœuf
(= product) → viande f de bœuf
beef up
vt sep (= strengthen) [+ support, security, forces] → renforcer; [+ essay] → étoffer

beef

n
(= meat)Rindfleisch nt
(inf: = flesh) → Speck m (pej); (= muscles)Muskeln pl; to have plenty of beefjede Menge Bizeps haben (inf); you’d better get rid of some of this beefdu musst ein bisschen abspecken (inf)
what’s his beef? (inf)was hat er zu meckern? (inf)
vi (inf: = complain) → meckern (inf) (→ about über +acc); what are you beefing about?was hast du zu meckern? (inf)

beef

:
beefburger
nHamburger m
beefcake
n no pl (inf: = male photos) → Männerfleisch nt (hum), → Muskelprotze pl
beef cattle
plSchlachtrinder pl
beefeater
n
Beefeater m
(US inf) → Engländer(in) m(f)
beef extract
beef olive
beef sausage
nRindswürstchen nt
beefsteak
nBeefsteak nt
beef tea

beef

[biːf] n (Culin) → manzo
roast beef → roast beef m inv, arrosto di manzo
beef up vt + adv (fam) → rinforzare

beef

(biːf) noun
the flesh of a bull, cow or ox, used as food.
beefy adjective
1. of or like beef. a beefy taste.
2. having a lot of fat or muscle. a beefy man.

beef

لـَحْم البَقَر hovězí oksekød Rindfleisch μοσχάρι carne de vaca naudanliha bœuf govedina manzo 牛肉 쇠고기 rundvlees oksekjøtt wołowina carne bovina, carne de bovino говядина oxkött เนื้อวัว sığır eti thịt bò 牛肉

beef

n. carne de res, carne de vaca;
___ brothcaldo de carne;
___ steakbiftec;
roast ___carne asada, rosbif.

beef

n carne f de vaca or res
References in classic literature ?
I smell roast beef cooking," he mumbled-- "underdone roast beef--with brown gravy over it.
At the time, I devoted three days to the studious digesting of all this beer, beef, and bread, during which many profound thoughts were incidentally suggested to me, capable of a transcendental and Platonic application; and, furthermore, I compiled supplementary tables of my own, touching the probable quantity of stock-fish, etc.
It was stuff such as this that made the "embalmed beef" that had killed several times as many United States soldiers as all the bullets of the Spaniards; only the army beef, besides, was not fresh canned, it was old stuff that had been lying for years in the cellars.
The work he had to do at home, besides putting on his best clothes, made it seven before he was on his way again to the Hall Farm, and it was questionable whether, with his longest and quickest strides, he should be there in time even for the roast beef, which came after the plum pudding, for Mrs.
We were at our supper of beef stew and dried apples when he trotted in as if on the heels of a dog team, and made one of the mess at our table.
Business disposed of, Mr Swiveller was inwardly reminded of its being nigh dinner-time, and to the intent that his health might not be endangered by longer abstinence, dispached a message to the nearest eating-house requiring an immediate supply of boiled beef and greens for two.
And when reaching out his knife and fork, between which the slice of beef was locked, Ahab thereby motioned Starbuck's plate towards him, the mate received his meat as though receiving alms; and cut it tenderly; and a little started if, perchance, the knife grazed against the plate; and chewed it noiselessly; and swallowed it, not without circumspection.
You cannot mean to say that because Polydamas, the pancratiast, is stronger than we are, and finds the eating of beef conducive to his bodily strength, that to eat beef is therefore equally for our good who are weaker than he is, and right and just for us?
But though the love to these several objects may possibly be one and the same in all cases, its operations however must be allowed to be different; for, how much soever we may be in love with an excellent surloin of beef, or bottle of Burgundy; with a damask rose, or Cremona fiddle; yet do we never smile, nor ogle, nor dress, nor flatter, nor endeavour by any other arts or tricks to gain the affection of the said beef, &c.
Bloomfield, the children, and me, desiring me to cut up the children's meat; then, after twisting about the mutton in various directions, and eyeing it from different points, he pronounced it not fit to be eaten, and called for the cold beef.
If we get rid of them, we shall fall into the hands of unskillful operators, and thus suffer a double death: for you may be assured, that though all the Butchers should perish, yet will men never want beef.
Then the Political Pull looked back upon the good fat carcase of beef that he was dragging to his lair and said, with a discontented spirit: