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his•to•ry(ˈhɪs tə ri, ˈhɪs tri)
n., pl. -ries.
2. the study of family ancestries or histories.
3. descent from an original form or progenitor; lineage. — genealogist, n. — genealogie, genealogical, adj.
2. a theory that all cultural phenomena are historically determined and that all historians should study a period on its own merits.
3. a search for the laws of historical evolution.
4. a profound or an excessive respect for historical institutions, as traditions or laws. Also historism. — historicist, n., adj.
2. the methods of historical research and presentation.
3. an official history. — historiographer, n. — historiographic, historiographical, adj.
2. a person devoted to the art, culture, or spirit of the Middle Ages.
2. a collection of such sketches. — prosopographer, n. See also facial features.
See Also: PAST
- Americans treat history like a cookbook. Whenever they are uncertain what to do next, they turn to history and look up the proper recipe, invariably designated “The lesson of history” —Russell Baker See Also: CHARACTERISTICS, NATIONAL
- Carried his history with him like a tattooed sailor —Alice McDermott
- History is a hill or a high point of vantage, from which alone men see the town in which they live or the age in which they are —G. K. Chesterton
Chesterton continues this simile as follows: “Without some such contrast or comparison, without some such shifting of the point of view, we should see nothing whatever of our own social surroundings. We should take them for granted, as the only possible social surroundings.”
- History is floated like a bond issue on the fat of banks —Marge Piercy
- History is written to order like the Sunday funnies —Marge Piercy
This is one of several similes pertaining to history in Piercy’s poem, For Shoshana Rihm.
- History … like some lump of viscid porridge sliding slowly down a sink —Lawrence Durrell
- History passes like falling rocks in the dark —Robinson Jeffers
- History [in narrator’s view] … sifting and seeping, piddling itself away as one wastes a Sunday —William H. Gass
- History trails its meaning like old cobwebs caught in a cellar broom —Robert Penn Warren
- History was a trash bag of random coincidences torn open in a wind —Joseph Heller
- To the scientific eye all human history is a series of collective movements, destructions or migrations, like the massacre of flies in winter or the return of birds in spring —G. K. Chesterton
- You can’t escape history, or the needs and neuroses you’ve picked up like layers and layers of tartar on your teeth —Charles Johnson
|Noun||1.||history - the aggregate of past events; "a critical time in the school's history"|
antiquity - the historic period preceding the Middle Ages in Europe
historic period, age - an era of history having some distinctive feature; "we live in a litigious age"
Dark Ages, Middle Ages - the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance
|2.||history - a record or narrative description of past events; "a history of France"; "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president"; "the story of exposure to lead"|
history - the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; "he teaches Medieval history"; "history takes the long view"
ancient history - a history of the ancient world
etymology - a history of a word
case history - detailed record of the background of a person or group under study or treatment
historical document, historical paper, historical record - writing having historical value (as opposed to fiction or myth etc.)
biography, life history, life story, life - an account of the series of events making up a person's life
record - anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events; "the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques"
recital - a detailed account or description of something; "he was forced to listen to a recital of his many shortcomings"
|3.||history - the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; "he teaches Medieval history"; "history takes the long view"|
Boston Tea Party - demonstration (1773) by citizens of Boston who (disguised as Indians) raided three British ships in Boston harbor and dumped hundreds of chests of tea into the harbor; organized as a protest against taxes on tea
arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts - studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills); "the college of arts and sciences"
account, chronicle, history, story - a record or narrative description of past events; "a history of France"; "he gave an inaccurate account of the plot to kill the president"; "the story of exposure to lead"
historian, historiographer - a person who is an authority on history and who studies it and writes about it
Saracen - (historically) a Muslim who opposed the Crusades
Saracen - (historically) a member of the nomadic people of the Syrian and Arabian deserts at the time of the Roman Empire
|4.||history - the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future; "all of human history"|
continuum - a continuous nonspatial whole or extent or succession in which no part or portion is distinct or distinguishable from adjacent parts
|5.||history - all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; "the dawn of recorded history"; "from the beginning of history"|
"The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles" [Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels The Communist Manifesto]
"History is philosophy from examples" [Dionysius of Halicarnassus Ars Rhetorica]
"There is properly no history; only biography" [Ralph Waldo Emerson Essays]
"History is more or less bunk. It's tradition. We don't want tradition. We want to live in the present and the only history that is worth a tinker's damn is the history we make today" [Henry Ford]
"History is past politics, and politics is present history" [E.A. Freeman Methods of Historical Study]
"What experience and history teach is this - that people and governments never have learned anything from history, or acted on principles deduced from it" [G.W.F. Hegel Philosophy of History]
"History is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake" [James Joyce Ulysses]
"The world's history is the world's judgement" [Friedrich von Schiller]
"Indeed, history is nothing more than a tableau of crimes and misfortunes" [Voltaire L'Ingénu]
"That great dust-heap called `history'" [Augustine Birrell Obiter Dicta]
"History [is] a distillation of rumour" [Thomas Carlyle History of the French Revolution]
"History gets thicker as it approaches recent times" [A.J.P. Taylor English History 1914-45]
"History repeats itself, first as tragedy, second as farce" [Karl Marx]
"History repeats itself"
history[ˈhɪstərɪ] N → historia f
to go down in history → pasar a la historia (as como) to make history → hacer época, marcar un hito
to know the inner history of an affair → conocer el secreto de un asunto
he has a history of psychiatric disorder → tiene antecedentes de problemas psiquiátricos
the highest salary in television history → el sueldo más alto de la historia de la televisión
a piece of history → un trozo or fragmento de la historia
that's ancient history → ésa es cosa vieja
the rest is history → el resto ya lo sabéis, el resto ya es historia
one of the most dramatic moments in Polish history → l'un des moments cruciaux de l'histoire polonaise
throughout history → à travers l'histoire
to make history → entrer dans l'histoire
to go down in history → rester dans l'histoire
He will go down in history for redrawing the political map of Britain → Il restera dans l'histoire pour avoir redessiner la carte politique britannique.
to go down in history as sth → rester dans l'histoire comme qch
He will go down in history as one of the principal architects of the peace process → Il restera dans l'histoire comme l'un des principaux architectes du processus de paix.
that's history (= over and done with) → c'est de l'histoire ancienne
you're history! → tu es fini !
and the rest is history → et tout le monde connaît la suite
We met at college, and the rest is history → Nous nous sommes rencontrés au lycée et tout le monde connaît la suite.
He has a history of drink problems → Il a des antécédents alcooliques.
to have a family history of sth → avoir des antécédents familiaux de qch
a family history of thrombosis → des antécédents familiaux de thrombose
a family history of heart disease → des antécédents familiaux de maladies cardiaques
to have a family history of sth → avoir des antécédents familiaux de qch
a college with a tremendous sporting history → une école au palmarès sportif impressionnant medical history
history[ˈhɪst/ərɪ] n → storia
a history book → un libro di storia
to make history → fare storia
to go down in history → passare alla storia
there's a long history of that illness in his family → ci sono molti precedenti (della malattia) nella sua famiglia