Therefore, animals under selective pressures in hypogean habitats have developed certain anatomic and physiological auditory specializations that enhance low frequency detection, which may include massive middle ear ossicles, loosening of their ligamentous attachments, large tympanic membranes and increased bullar volumes (Burda et al., 1990, 1992; Webster & Plassmann, 1992; Mason, 2001, 2004, 2016; Begall
& Burda, 2006; Argyle & Mason, 2008; Schleich & Busch, 2004; Francescoli et al., 2012).
Subterranean rodents are challenging to study in the field, with the result that analyses of activity patterns in some species have been conducted primarily under laboratory conditions (e.g., Begall
et al., 2002; Oosthuizen et al., 2003; Hart et al., 2004).
[3.] Vorwerk, U.; Hey, M.; Steinicke, G.; Begall
Overall, findings suggest that the quality of a job matters in determining how easily parents can sustain the financial burden of a child and combine work and family, and therefore contributes to explaining childbearing intentions (Begall
& Mills, 2011; Del Bono et al., 2014; Cazzola et al.
For example, German and Czech scientists reanalyzed large amounts of Google Earth imagery to identify the compass orientation of deer and cattle to discover a surprising north-south orientation bias (Begall
Another reason for the leak, according to Sabine Begall
, a researcher at the University of Duisburg-Essen, is the proverbial glass ceiling; women perceive a lack of opportunity to rise to senior management positions.
Mills, M., Mencarini, L., Tanturri, M., and Begall
A less costly satellite imagery technique has been used recently by Begall
(University of Dulsberg-Essen) and colleagues in Germany have been occupying their time spying on herds of cows and deer using satellite images from Google Earth.
[85.] Laszig R, Aschendorff A, Stecker M, Muller-Deile J, Maune S, Dillier N, Weber B, Hey M, Begall
K, Lenarz T, Bettmer RD, Bohm M, Steffens T, Strutz J, Linder T, Probst R, Allum J, Westhofen M, Doering W.
"We have been happy with the performance of the Nokia Synfonet STM-1/4 equipment which we have been using in our network," says Stefan Begall
, team leader, broadband technologies, ISIS.