benzene


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Related to benzene: Ethylbenzene, benzene poisoning

ben·zene

 (bĕn′zēn′, bĕn-zēn′)
n.
A colorless, flammable, toxic, liquid aromatic hydrocarbon, C6H6, derived from petroleum and used in or to manufacture a wide variety of chemical products, including DDT, detergents, insecticides, and motor fuels. Also called benzol.

benzene

(ˈbɛnziːn; bɛnˈziːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a colourless flammable toxic aromatic liquid used in the manufacture of styrene, phenol, etc, as a solvent for fats, resins, etc, and as an insecticide. Formula: C6H6. See also benzene ring

ben•zene

(ˈbɛn zin, bɛnˈzin)

n.
a colorless, slightly water-soluble, liquid aromatic compound, C6H6, obtained chiefly from coal tar: used in making chemicals and dyes and as a solvent.
[1825–35]
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ben·zene

(bĕn′zēn′)
A clear, colorless, flammable liquid, C6H6. It is derived from petroleum and used to make detergents, insecticides, motor fuels, and many other chemical products. ♦ The six carbon atoms of benzene are arranged in a ring, called a benzene ring, having alternating single and double bonds, with a hydrogen atom attached to each carbon atom. This ring is a fundamental component of many other organic compounds.

benzyl adjective
Did You Know? One of the key insights in the history of chemistry came in a dream. In 1865 chemists knew that a benzene molecule consisted of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms. They also knew that carbon atoms have four bonds by which they can join with other atoms. But none of the chain-like structures that chemists knew about then worked with these numbers of atoms and bonds. The German chemist Friedrich August Kekulé had thought about this problem for a long time. One night he fell asleep and dreamed of snakes. One snake bit its own tail, forming a circle. Awakened by the image, Kekulé realized that the six carbon atoms in benzene formed a ring. Each carbon was bound once to one adjacent carbon and twice to the carbon on its other side. And each used its fourth bond to hold a hydrogen atom outside the ring. Modern chemistry owes much of its power to the understanding of ringed carbon compounds that started with Kekulé's dream.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzene - a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
aromatic hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds
benzene formula, benzene nucleus, benzene ring, Kekule formula - a closed chain of 6 carbon atoms with hydrogen atoms attached
Translations
benzen
bentseeni
benzen
bensen

benzene

[ˈbenziːn] Nbenceno m

benzene

[ˈbɛnziːn] nbenzène m

benzene

nBenzol nt

benzene

[ˈbɛnziːn] nbenzene m

benzene

n benceno
References in periodicals archive ?
In the past 2017, as many as 8,951 tons of benzene or 104 percent of the planned amount was produced.
Exxon and Valero did not respond to IBT questions about their lobbying on the benzene regulations or preparedness for Hurricane Harvey.
The main illnesses related to benzene are linked to its hemotoxicity and genotoxicity caused by its metabolization.
The complaint alleges that the defendants negligently constructed, maintained, managed, and/or operated the Wood River Facilities, causing thousands of pounds of benzene and other benzene containing pollutants to be negligently and intentionally emitted, leaked, spilled, dumped and otherwise discharged into the air and surface/ground water.
Benzene is part of a family of compounds known by the acronym BTEX, which refers to benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene.
The report Benzene Market & Its Derivatives (Ethylbenzene, Cumene, Cyclohexane, Nitrobenzene, and Alkylbenzene) Market by Application & Geography Trends and Forecasts to 2018, defines and segments the benzene & its derivatives market with analysis and forecasting of the consumption volume and value.
A harmful carcinogen, benzene is employed as an industrial solvent, used in the preparation of several artificial materials.
Benzene industry supply scenario in the United States from 2005 to 2019, comprising plant capacity growth and installed plant capacity by production process and technology
Hence proper biomonitoring of petrol pump workers and installation of vapor recovery system are important measures for preventing and protecting them from occupational hazards of higher benzene in their working atmosphere.
The new MultiRAE Benzene includes an innovative six-tube cartridge -- called RAE SepTube Cartridge-- that operates in conjunction with the unit's photoionisation (PID) sensor.
The new MultiRAE Benzene includes an innovative six-tube cartridge-called RAE SepTube Cartridge-that operates in conjunction with the unit's photoionisation (PID) sensor.