benzodiazepine


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Related to benzodiazepine: benzodiazepine drugs

ben·zo·di·az·e·pine

 (bĕn′zō-dī-ăz′ə-pēn′, -pĭn)
n.
Any of a group of chemical compounds with a common molecular structure and similar pharmacological effects, used as antianxiety agents, muscle relaxants, sedatives, hypnotics, and sometimes as anticonvulsants.

[benzo- + diazepine, seven-member ring containing two nitrogens (di- + az(o)- + (h)ep(ta)- + -ine).]

benzodiazepine

(ˌbɛnzəʊdaɪˈeɪzəˌpiːn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of chemical compounds that are used as minor tranquillizers, such as diazepam (Valium) and chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
[C20: from benzo- + di-1 + aza- + ep- + -ine2]

ben•zo•di•az•e•pine

(ˌbɛn zoʊ daɪˈæz əˌpin, -ˈeɪ zə-)

n.
any of a family of minor tranquilizers that act against anxiety and convulsions.
[1930–35; benzo- + di-1 + az (o)- + -epine ((h)ep(ta)- + -ine 2)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.benzodiazepine - any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
alprazolam, Xanax - an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
chlordiazepoxide, Libritabs, Librium - a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
diazepam, Valium - a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
estazolam, ProSom - a frequently prescribed sleeping pill (trade name ProSom)
Ativan, lorazepam - tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
midazolam, Versed - an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
antianxiety drug, anxiolytic, anxiolytic drug, minor tranquilizer, minor tranquilliser, minor tranquillizer - a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability
muscle relaxant - a drug that reduces muscle contractility by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses or by decreasing the excitability of the motor end plate or by other actions
nitrazepam - a hypnotic and sedative drug of the benzodiazepine type
Restoril, temazepam - a frequently prescribed benzodiazepine (trade name Restoril); takes effect slowly and lasts long enough to help those people who wake up frequently during the night
Halcion, triazolam - a form of benzodiazepine (trade name Halcion) frequently prescribed as a sleeping pill; usually given to people who have trouble falling asleep
Translations

benzodiazepine

n benzodiazepina or benzodiacepina
References in periodicals archive ?
15, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Drug overdose is the leading cause of injury death in the United States -- mostly due to abuse and misuse of prescription opioid pain relievers, benzodiazepines (sedatives/tranquilizers), and stimulants.
Results show that past use of benzodiazepines for three months or more was associated with an increased risk (up to 51%) of Alzheimer's disease.
The study was designed to examine the effect of a direct-to-consumer educational intervention on benzodiazepine therapy discontinuation in community-dwelling older adults.
Those with a cumulative 91- to 180-day exposure had a 32% increased risk, compared with nonusers, however, and patients with more than 180 days of benzodiazepine use had an 84% increased risk.
4% of benzodiazepine drug-related deaths, and alcohol was involved in 18.
Before this research, by the way, we always knew that benzodiazepines impaired cognitive wellbeing, but thought it was transient and reversible.
Before discussing whether trials could possibly determine which benzodiazepine treatment is superior, a brief review of second line therapy and trials will be discussed.
Benzodiazepine, which was in his system, can be used to treat anxiety.
A recent national survey suggested that alprazolam is the most commonly abused benzodiazepine [1].
Of specific interest are those patients with anxiety disorders, including PD, who have comorbid substance-related conditions, specifically in relation to benzodiazepine use.
The researchers used single-nerve-cell-recording techniques to show that within a GABA-secreting nerve-cell cluster called the thalamic reticular nucleus, DBI has the same inhibition-boosting effect on benzodiazepine-responsive GABA receptors as do benzodiazepines.
Over the following 20 years 253 developed dementia, 30 cases of which were in benzodiazepine users.